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Table 4 The association between community care services utilisation and the mental health level of older individuals

From: Rural-urban and gender differences in the association between community care services and elderly individuals’ mental health: a case from Shaanxi Province, China

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Total Urban Rural Male Female
Community care services utilisation (ref: no)
 Daily care services 0.809 (0.307) *** 0.721 (0.434) 1.051 (0.501) ** 1.133 (0.586) * 0.550 (0.385)
 Medical care services 0.106 (0.269) 0.029 (0.344) 0.243 (0.496) 0.146 (0.546) 0.024 (0.325)
 Social and recreational services 0.526 (0.250) ** 0.927 (0.352) *** 0.306 (0.413) −0.210 (0.455) 0.864 (0.318) ***
 Spiritual comfort services 0.217 (0.349) 0.761 (0.506) −0.437 (0.554) 0.308 (0.563) 0.198 (0.473)
Instrumental support
(ref: no)
0.984 (0.336) *** 0.424 (0.508) 1.567 (0.522) *** 1.289 (0.612) ** 0.784 (0.443) *
Emotional support
(ref: no)
0.885 (0.334) *** 1.313 (0.504) *** 0.632 (0.505) 0.389 (0.615) 1.204 (0.432) ***
Health insurance
(ref: no)
0.700 (0.684) 0.227 (1.280) 0.974 (0.958) 3.881 (2.350) 0.461 (0.760)
Old-age insurance
(ref: no)
0.600 (0.481) 0.191 (0.679) 1.153 (0.840) −0.438 (1.192) 0.912 (0.590)
Age 0.031 (0.018) * 0.079(0.026) *** −0.037 (0.029) −0.020(0.032) * 0.059 (0.024) **
Sex
(ref: male)
−0.117 (0.268) 0.131 (0.367) −0.911 (0.453) **
Marital status
(ref: non-single)
−0.239 (0.252) − 0.402 (0.348) −0.016 (0.418) − 0.346 (0.483) −0.166 (0.310)
Household income
(ref: below-average incomes)
1.639 (0.274) *** 1.521 (0.364) *** 1.850 (0.453) *** 2.195 (0.534) *** 1.570 (0.341) ***
Location
(ref: urban areas)
0.353 (0.256) 1.143 (0.539) ** 0.108 (0.317)
Education (ref: primary school and lower)
 Junior middle school 0.756 (0.356) ** 0.775 (0.429) * 2.251 (1.144) ** 0.344 (0.572) 1.529 (0.594) **
 Senior middle school and higher 0.491 (0.348) 0.287 (0.407) 2.531 (1.177) ** −0.254 (0.541) 1.642 (0.598) ***
 Having any ADL limitation (ref: no) −2.750 (0.662) *** −3.385 (0.966) *** −1.835 (0.965) * −2.552 (0.920) *** −3.320 (0.990) ***
 Having any chronic disease (ref: no) −0.608 (0.244) ** −0.245 (0.326) −1.431 (0.431) *** − 0.800 (0.462) * −0.670 (0.309) **
 Observation 687 390 297 266 421
 Pseudo R2 0.259 0.281 0.33 0.252 0.252
  1. Note: The table contains the β coefficient (standard error) from logit models. *p < 0.1. **p < 0.05. ***p < 0.01