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Table 3 Association between the numbers of HHR (Doctors) per 10,000 people among districts of Pakistan from 2012 to 2016

From: Income-related inequality in distribution of health human resource among districts of Pakistan

Variable Doctor 2012 Doctor 2013 Doctor 2014 Doctor 2015 Doctor 2016
dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err
Province Baluchistan Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Province KPK − 301.99** 136.68 − 365.59** 142.92 − 350.80** 159.92 321.46** 166.63 − 203.83 139.53
Province Sindh −163.32 137.91 − 228.12 145.92 − 206.22 159.1619 − 129.71 172.40 35.66 153.18
Province Punjab 529.47*** 129.89 802.95*** 113.21 889.54*** 122.32 909.71*** 124.11 1064.28*** 127.41
Num of Hospitals per District 16.94** 7.96 15.10* 8.18 6.77 7.42 10.38 8.63 14.22 8.72
Num of Beds per District 0.15** 0.06 0.26*** 0.07 0.26*** 0.07 0.24*** 0.06 0.18** 0.06
Num of Disp per District −3.65** 1.78 −2.15 2.00 −1.83 2.12 −2.51 1.71 −0.90 1.50
Beds in Disp per District 3.06 2.75 1.21 3.07 2.94 3.51 3.07 3.21 5.37* 3.20
Infant Mortality Rate −1.54 1.56 4.29** 1.72 −4.32** 1.93 −3.22 1.97 −1.17 1.15
Geographical Area 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06
Population Size −0.08 0.08 −0.04 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.09 0.01
Urbanization −0.41 3.06 −0.12 3.19 0..81 3.44 0.42 3.59 −0.73 3.67
TEGNI per capita (11–12 to 15–16) 11.33*** 3.67 6.60 6.77 4.78 7.29 −0.63 1.58 0.73 1.63
  1. The Symbol of “*” is defined by a P value < 0.05; the Symbol of “**” is defined by a P value < 0.01; the Symbol of “***” is defined by a P value < 0.001.
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