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Table 1 mean, standard deviation and Kruskal-Wallis test on various health professions

From: Factors associated with work-private life conflict and leadership qualities among line managers of health professionals in Swiss acute and rehabilitation hospitals – a cross-sectional study

  registered nurses (RN) (n = 1182) RN with special traininga (n = 273) nurse assistants (n = 430) APN / CNS (n = 47) Midwives (n = 63) Physicians (n = 299) medical-technical professionals (n = 241) medical-therapeutic-professionals (n = 238)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Dependent variables
 Work-private life conflict *** 32.47 21.39 32.08 20.01 33.62 22.32 34.00 19.18 37.71 14.45 50.20 22.15 25.51 18.72 23.01 17.83
 Quality of leadership* 62.71 22.87 59.17 22.26 63.94 22.69 63.32 23.74 58.16 19.60 60.37 23.65 60.54 23.82 64.64 21.65
Independent variables
Demands at work
  Quantitative demands*** 62.12 14.97 58.88 13.94 58.06 15.91 61.35 14.86 63.84 10.00 67.15 15.89 57.19 13.90 56.57 16.66
  Emotional demands*** 61.85 14.54 65.56 12.54 66.10 15.18 61.57 17.92 43.95 11.37 60.37 12.86 52.74 16.28 58.75 11.38
  Physical demands*** 43.52 21.65 44.27 19.56 53.89 22.40 39.53 23.24 33.89 15.93 23.85 14.77 40.76 19.89 34.57 21.96
  Demands to hide emotions* 42.53 22.99 47.24 21.57 42.06 23.48 43.75 19.14 45.97 15.82 43.99 21.22 42.29 22.64 43.17 20.06
  Work environment*** 41.41 18.39 51.03 18.41 41.43 17.93 40.63 22.94 27.46 14.51 30.50 20.05 45.48 17.80 26.33 18.75
Work organization and job contents
  Possibilities for development*** 73.60 14.17 71.62 14.53 70.88 16.69 71.81 16.90 76.21 12.61 77.48 14.61 73.37 14.15 75.07 13.99
  Influence at work*** 48.13 19.45 45.62 18.01 45.93 20.17 54.89 19.29 43.44 15.45 49.61 21.35 40.60 20.50 59.67 16.21
  Scope for breaks / holidays*** 57.15 19.68 57.60 18.71 53.25 21.40 62.77 23.20 54.17 19.07 60.34 18.33 63.22 16.55 55.21 20.86
  Meaning of work*** 84.21 15.53 82.53 15.94 81.85 16.74 77.72 16.86 90.32 12.69 82.47 18.18 83.97 16.24 79.73 15.67
  Bond with the organization*** 59.14 19.84 54.37 19.53 61.69 21.37 55.16 16.37 56.14 17.58 59.92 19.00 63.79 18.44 60.42 17.76
Social relations and leadership
  Predictability 62.23 19.28 60.20 18.57 64.34 19.49 61.14 18.30 64.75 15.89 59.73 19.91 63.01 17.93 61.99 18.78
  Rewards* 53.54 26.62 49.91 24.91 53.12 27.66 54.89 27.19 48.33 23.41 56.48 27.86 55.68 25.32 52.27 26.18
  Role clarity*** 80.24 13.80 79.58 13.31 80.29 14.11 74.46 17.07 77.73 11.88 76.36 15.33 80.30 14.60 75.69 14.50
  Role conflicts*** 41.49 20.41 42.02 20.04 41.17 21.45 46.20 22.20 49.18 17.92 41.25 20.31 36.14 19.45 35.29 18.27
  Social support at work* 75.23 16.79 73.77 15.61 73.47 17.08 74.32 17.59 73.62 15.66 72.54 20.52 75.53 16.06 78.21 16.69
  Feedback*** 50.03 20.08 44.15 19.65 53.48 20.64 50.82 18.71 50.64 17.28 44.60 21.79 47.39 20.66 45.87 19.96
  Social relations*** 62.45 22.81 62.19 24.72 66.34 22.24 61.67 25.89 55.51 23.24 63.70 23.99 72.26 22.42 52.31 26.97
  Social community at work*** 78.33 13.72 75.94 11.82 78.42 15.36 78.53 14.83 77.33 13.23 79.50 14.29 79.82 12.86 83.47 14.72
  Unfair behavior*** 14.47 21.27 14.16 19.81 18.48 24.03 22.22 25.13 18.97 23.09 13.30 20.76 15.55 21.58 9.65 17.34
Person-work interface factors
  Job insecurity*** 16.28 17.94 14.00 16.64 23.55 21.33 20.70 23.29 16.33 19.47 13.20 15.69 21.61 19.89 15.03 15.34
  Insecurity of work environment*** 31.94 25.05 34.84 26.30 37.84 26.84 36.41 28.12 29.71 23.40 32.28 24.76 33.57 23.04 27.91 22.55
Work-private life (im)balance
  Demarcation*** 33.58 21.27 34.99 22.00 36.39 22.09 35.83 21.25 35.99 19.74 49.63 25.09 36.93 22.33 31.89 21.66
  1. highest and lowest mean are marked; significant Kruskal-Wallis Test *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, aRN with special training in emergency medicine, intensive care or anaesthesia