Skip to main content

Table 4 Results of Logistic Regression

From: Analysing the expenditure on childbearing: a community-based cross-sectional study in rural areas of Punjab (India)

Variables Uni-variable Analysis Multivariable Analysis
Unadjusted Odds Ratio P value 95% C.I Adjusted Odds Ratio P value 95% C.I
Lower Upper   Lower Upper
Intercept      0.006 0.000   
Districta         
Gurdaspur (n = 60) 1.084 0.841 0.493 2.383 0.622 0.490 0.161 2.398
Hoshiarpur (n = 60) 1.084 0.841 0.493 2.383 0.389 0.193 0.0938 1.613
Jalandhar (N = 60) 1.572 0.247 0.731 3.381 0.810 0.755 0.216 3.045
Ludhiana (n = 60) 0.389 0.047 0.153 0.989 0.467 0.284 0.116 1.882
Patiala (n = 60) 0.506 0.130 0.210 1.221 0.502 0.324 0.127 1.978
Tarn Taran (n = 60) 0.506 0.130 0.210 1.221 0.556 0.364 0.157 1.973
Religionb
 Sikhism (n = 278) 1.002 0.994 0.608 1.652 0.657 0.395 0.249 1.731
 Other# (n = 25) 0.958 0.934 0.349 2.629 0.087 0.063 0.007 1.138
Social Groupc
 General (n = 101) 3.333 0.000 1.997 5.563 3.006 0.019 1.202 7.517
 Other Backward Class (n = 55) 1.449 0.300 0.718 2.924 0.900 0.863 0.274 2.959
 Do not know (n = 14) 2.601 0.100 0.831 8.138 2.109 0.549 0.183 24.287
Wealth Quintilesd
 First (n = 84) 0.365 0.010 0.170 0.787 22.570 0.000 4.632 109.968
 Second (n = 84) 0.598 0.148 0.298 1.201 18.780 0.000 4.571 77.164
 Third (n = 84) 0.913 0.787 0.473 1.764 17.027 0.000 4.520 64.144
 Fourth (n = 84) 0.827 0.576 0.424 1.611 7.593 0.001 2.172 26.544
Age groupe(years)
 20–30 (n = 354) 1.460 0.558 0.412 5.169 0.715 0.694 0.135 3.790
 30 and above(n = 48) 3.889 0.051 0.994 15.220 0.845 0.866 0.118 6.022
Educationf
 Up to Primary (n = 64) 1.458 0.459 0.537 3.957 0.723 0.647 0.181 2.895
 Up to Secondary (n = 168) 2.381 0.038 1.050 5.396 1.168 0.809 0.331 4.123
 Senior Secondary and above (n = 117) 2.287 0.000 2.321 12.045 1.591 0.522 0.384 6.588
Birth Parityg
 2 to 4 (n = 227) 1.062 0.798 0.670 1.684 1.743 0.158 0.805 3.775
 More than 4 (n = 115) 0.504 0.229 1.65 1.538 0.723 0.722 0.121 4.307
ANC Placeh
 Private Health Facility (n = 98) 12.337 0.000 7.281 20.904 5.767 0.000 2.405 13.832
Delivery Placei
 Private Health Facility (n = 132) 24.902 0.000 13.648 45.435 8.542 0.000 3.108 23.477
 Home (n = 17) 2.717 0.216 0.557 13.250 2.989 0.222 0.515 17.340
PNC Placej
 Government Health Facility (n = 127) 0.705 0.389 0.318 1.562 0.850 0.750 0.313 2.310
 Private Health Facility (n = 108) 17.956 0.000 9.692 33.267 5.390 0.001 2.019 14.387
  1. aAmritsar (n = 60) = Reference Group b Hinduism (n = 117) = Reference Group c Scheduled Caste (n = 250) = Reference Group dFifth (n = 84) = Reference Group e Less than 20 (n = 18) = Reference Group fNil (n = 71) = Reference Group gLess than 2 (n = 115) = Reference Category hGovernment Health Facility (n = 322) = Reference Group iGovernment Health Facility (n = 271) = Reference Group jNone (n = 185) = Reference Group (It includes those women who did not have any checkup post discharge from facility and those who delivered at home) #Islam and Christianity
  2. Source: Primary Data