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Table 1 Distribution of respondents by place of ANC, delivery and PNC

From: Analysing the expenditure on childbearing: a community-based cross-sectional study in rural areas of Punjab (India)

Background Characteristics Place of ANC Place of Delivery Place of PNC
Government Private Both Government Private Home None# Government Private
Age Groups
 Less than 20 years 15 (83.3) 1 (5.6) 2 (11.1) 10 (55.6) 6 (33.3) 2 (11.1) 7 (38.9) 8 (44.4) 3 (16.7)
 20 to 30 278 (78.5) 26 (7.3) 50 (14.1) 39 (67.5) 104 (29.4) 11 (3.1) 162 (45.8) 108 (30.5) 84 (23.7)
 30 and above 29 (60.4) 9 (18.8) 10 (20.8) 22 (45.8) 26 (54.2) 0 (0.0) 16 (33.3) 11 (22.9) 21 (43.8)
Education
 Nil 67 (94.4) 1 (1.4) 3 (4.2) 60 (84.5) 7 (9.9) 4 (5.6) 44 (62.0) 23 (32.4) 4 (5.6)
 Up to Primary 56 (87.5) 3 (4.7) 5 (7.8) 49 (76.6) 11 (17.2) 4 (6.3) 36 (56.3) 21 (32.8) 7 (10.9)
 Up to Secondary 135 (80.4) 11 (6.5) 22 (13.1) 116 (69.0) 48 (28.6) 4 (2.4) 69 (41.1) 58 (34.5) 41 (24.4)
 Senior Secondary and above 64 (54.7) 21 (17.9) 32 (27.4) 46 (39.3) 70 (59.8) 1 (0.9) 36 (30.8) 25 (21.4) 56 (47.9)
Birth Parity
 Less than 2 123 (74.5) 15 (9.1) 27 (16.4) 101 (61.2) 60 (36.4) 4 (2.4) 56 (33.9) 58 (35.2) 51 (30.9)
 2 to 4 173 (76.2) 20 (8.8) 34 (15.0 148 (65.2) 70 (30.8) 9 (4.0) 113 (49.8) 62 (27.3) 52 (22.9)
 More than 4 26 (92.9) 1 (3.6) 1 (3.6) 22 (78.6) 6 (21.4) 0 (0.0) 16 (57.1) 7 (25.0) 5 (17.9)
Wealth Quintiles
 First 78 (92.9) 2 (2.4) 4 (4.8) 67 (79.8) 10 (11.9) 7 (8.3) 51 (60.7) 28 (33.3) 5 (6.0)
 Second 73 (86.9) 2 (2.4) 9 (10.7) 63 (75.0) 20 (23.8) 11 (1.2) 36 (42.9) 34 (40.5) 14 (16.7)
 Third 68 (81.2) 3 (3.5) 13 (15.3) 54 (64.7) 28 (32.9) 2 (2.4) 37 (43.5) 24 (28.2) 24 (28.2)
 Fourth 60 (71.4) 8 (9.5) 16 (19.0) 54 (64.3) 27 (32.1) 3 (3.6) 34 (40.5) 27 (32.1) 23 (27.4)
 Fifth 43 (50.6) 121 (25.3) 20 (24.1) 32 (38.6) 52 (61.4) 27 (32.5) 14 (16.9) 43 (50.6)
Overall (76.6) (8.6) (14.8) (64.5) (31.4) 4.0) (45.0) (29.5) (25.5)
  1. # includes those women who did not have any checkup post discharge from facility and those who delivered at home
  2. Source: Primary Data
  3. Figures in parenthesis are respective percentages