Skip to main content

Table 6 Healthcare professional perceptions of teamwork and patient safety culture from baseline to 6 and 12 months of intervention

From: A human factors intervention in a hospital - evaluating the outcome of a TeamSTEPPS program in a surgical ward

  n = 28 n = 25
baseline
mean
6 months
mean
change from baseline to 6 months baseline
mean
12 months
mean
change from baseline to 12 months
t1 p1 t1 p1
T-TPQ2 dimensions
 Team Function 3.93 (.40) 3.96 (.44) .48 .638 3.95 (.43) 4.08 (.44) 1.71 .100
 Leadership 4.24 (.40) 4.21 (.49) −.39 .700 4.16 (.39) 4.15 (.63) −.09 .926
 Situation Monitoring 3.79 (.47) 3.98 (.56) 1.74 .094 3.70 (.43) 4.06 (.54) 4.70 .001
 Mutual Support 3.85 (.44) 3.93 (.51) .89 .382 3.83 (.44) 4.03 (.50) 1.04 .027
 Communication 3.84 (.40) 3.94 (.50) 3.34 .345 3.81 (.39) 4.02 (.53) 2.66 .015
CSACD-T3
 Team Decision Making 4.73 (.89) 5.02 (1.09) 1.29 .207 4.69 (.92) 4.95(1.03) 1.32 .200
HSOPS4 dimensions
 Teamwork Within Unit 3.87 (.54) 4.08 (.52) 1.80 .084 3.78 (.52) 4.05 (.51) 2.39 .025
 Manager Expect. & Actions Promoting Pat. Safety 4.18 (.60) 4.29 (.50) .91 .370 4.11 (.56) 4.39 (.52) 2.72 .012
 Organizational Learning – Cont. Improvement 3.82 (.51) 4.05 (.61) 1.8 .001 3.76 (.51) 3.97 (.65) 1.78 .087
 Feedback & Communication About Error 3.71 (.62) 3.85 (.70) .04 .965 3.65 (.58) 3.90 (.60) 1.84 .078
 Communication Openness 3.83 (.49) 4.07 (.60) 2.37 .025 3.77 (.59) 3.97 (.49) 2.58 .017
 Staffing 3.52 (.46) 3.39 (.52) −1.08 .292 3.81 (.49) 4.07 (.53) .06 .955
 Nonpunitive Response to Errors 2.90 (.69) 3.14 (.83) 1.38 .178 2.86 (.66) 3.01 (.84) .97 .342
 Frequency of Events Reported5 2.88 (.70) 3.13 (.84) 1.98 .059 3.49 (.45) 3.50 (.66) 1.09 .287
 Overall Perceptions of Patient Safety5 4.12 (.51) 4.28 (.50) .90 .375 4.13 (.49) 4.27 (.62) 1.94 .065
HSOPS4 single items    z-score6 p6    z-score6 p6
Number of Events Reported5 2.11 (.83) 2.00 (.80) −.63 .527 2.24 (.78) 2.15 (.72) −.78 .439
Patient Safety Grade5 3.67 (.56) 3.79 (.59) −.82 .414 3.67 (.57) 3.92 (.56) −.1.9 .059
  1. 1Paired t-test
  2. 2T-TPQ = TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Perceptions Questionnaire (scale 1–5)
  3. 3CSACD-T = Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Teams Questionnaire (scale 1–7)
  4. 4HSOPS = Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire (scale 1–5)
  5. 5Patient Safety outcome measures
  6. 6Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test
\