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Table 1 Demographics and prior history assessed at time of stroke by age group and visit type

From: Differences in healthcare visit frequency and type one year prior to stroke among young versus middle-aged adults

  Ages 18–44 Ages 45–65
No Visits Prior to Stroke
(N = 3391)
Outpatient Visits Only
(N = 10,812)
Combinationa of Visits
(N = 9872)
No Visits Prior to Stroke
(N = 16,298)
Outpatient Visits Only
(N = 76,226)
Combinationa of Visits
(N = 52,618)
Age (Mean, SD) 36.5 7.0 36.5 6.8 35.8 7.1 55.8 5.4 57.1 5.2 56.8 5.3
Sex – Female (n, %) 1252 36.9% 5760 53.3% 5831 59.1% 5428 33.3% 32,437 42.6% 25,003 47.5%
Total # of Visits Prior
 Mean, SD 7.8 10.9 20.8 24.6 10.8 13.2 26.3 27.6
 Median, IQR 4 2–9 13 6–25 7 3–14 18 9–34
Days from Last Visit
 Mean, SD 49.4 75.1 19.6 43.1 39.5 65.4 16.1 37.0
 Median, IQR 13 2–65 3 1–14 10 2–45 4 1–12
Medical History (n, %)b
 Diabetes 267 7.9% 757 7.0% 888 9.0% 2645 16.2% 14,612 19.2% 11,122 21.1%
 Hypertension 1347 39.7% 3222 29.8% 2945 29.8% 10,446 64.1% 43,782 57.4% 27,409 52.1%
 Obesity 126 3.7% 326 3.0% 352 3.6% 460 2.8% 2115 2.8% 1551 2.9%
 Infections 393 11.6% 1020 9.4% 1271 12.9% 1845 11.3% 7038 9.2% 6835 13.0%
 Coagulopathy 159 4.7% 731 6.8% 741 7.5% 460 2.8% 2182 2.9% 2237 4.3%
 Hypercoagulable state 77 2.3% 429 4.0% 420 4.3% 109 0.7% 741 1.0% 775 1.5%
 Migraine 281 8.3% 1232 11.4% 1207 12.2% 324 2.0% 2348 3.1% 1793 3.4%
 Valvular heart disease 356 10.5% 1218 11.3% 1069 10.8% 2149 13.2% 9205 12.1% 6004 11.4%
 Congenital Heart Disease 6 0.2% 33 0.3% 22 0.2% 5 0.0% 41 0.1% 28 0.1%
 Patent foramen ovale 268 7.9% 906 8.4% 1716 17.4% 501 3.1% 2349 3.1% 1211 2.3%
 Alcohol abuse 607 17.9% 1279 11.8% 1084 11.0% 3801 23.3% 11,584 15.2% 6823 13.0%
 Drug Abuse/Dependence 183 5.4% 294 2.7% 258 2.6% 876 5.4% 1678 2.2% 1209 2.3%
 Smoking 515 15.2% 1130 10.5% 954 9.7% 3372 20.7% 10,604 13.9% 6041 11.5%
 Trauma 170 5.0% 346 3.2% 259 2.6% 287 1.8% 910 1.2% 600 1.1%
  1. a including inpatient, outpatient and/or emergency department
  2. b Collected at time of stroke