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Table 1 General supply chain management structures and processes at low and high resource availability hospitals in Ghana

From: Assessment of local supply chains and stock management practices for trauma care resources in Ghana: a comparative small sample cross-sectional study

  Low resource availability hospitals High resource availability hospitals
n (%) n (%)
Stock keeping forms
 Stock card 5 (100) 5 (100)
 Stock ledger 5 (100) 5 (100)
Logistics management information system (LMIS)
 LMIS system present and maintained 2 (40) 3 (60)
LMIS fields used
 Stock on hand 5 (100) 4 (80)
 Quantities used 5 (100) 5 (100)
 Losses and adjustments 5 (100) 5 (100)
Frequency of LMIS reporting
 Quartely 5 (100) 4 (80)
 Semi-annually 0 (0) 1 (20)
Most recent LMIS report submitted
 Within a month 1 (20) 0 (0)
 2 months ago 4 (80) 4 (80)
 3 months ago or more 0 (0) 1 (20)
Stock management training
 During logistics workshop only 2 (40) 4 (80)
 On-the-job training only 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Both 3 (60) 1 (20)
Frequency of emergency orders in last 3 months
 Less than 3 orders 3 (60) 2 (40)
 3 or more orders 2 (40) 3 (60)
Determination of re-supply quantities
 Set formula 1 (20) 1 (20)
 Flexible and current need responsive method 4 (80) 4 (80)
Party responsible for resource delivery
 Local contractor 4 (80) 5 (100)
 Government transportors 2 (40) 2 (40)
 Facility staff 4 (80) 5 (100)
Lead time for resources
 Less than 2 weeks 1 (20) 2 (40)
 2 weeks to 1 month 3 (60) 3 (60)
 More than 1 month 1 (20) 0 (0)
Most recent inspection by supervisor
 Within the last month 1 (20) 2 (40)
 1–3 months ago 2 (40) 1 (20)
 3–6 months ago 1 (20) 2 (40)
 More than 6 months ago 1 (20) 0 (0)