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Table 3 Cost distribution and composition by ACSCs and sex, in €, 2015

From: Direct and lost productivity costs associated with avoidable hospital admissions

ACSCTotal Costs
(% all ACSCs costs)
Direct costs
(% from total costs)
Lost productivity (% from total costs)Mean total costs
(95% CI)
Death rateYPLLTotal costs Males (% all ACSCs costs)Total costs Females
(% all ACSCs costs)
Bacterial pneumonia106,306,862 (41.90%)80,546,077 (75.77%)25,760,785 (24.23%)2992 (2896; 3089)21.20%60,57062,181,998 (24.51%)44,124,864 (17.39%)
Congestive heart failure59,334,934 (23.38%)54,247,983 (91.43%)5,086,951 (8.57%)2608 (2545; 2670)12.12%21,53927,690,862 (10.92%)31,644,073 (12.47%)
Hypertension3,109,537 (1.23%)2,953,911 (95.00%)155,626 (5.00%)1640 (1507; 1773)5.54%7261,571,535 (0.62%)1,538,003 (0.61%)
COPD or asthma in older adults22,618,306 (8.92%)19,984,570 (88.36%)2,633,735 (11.64%)2160 (2067; 2254)6.87%691314,215,817 (5.6%)8,402,488 (3.31%)
Asthma in younger adults444,844 (0.18%)422,311 (94.92%)22,573 (5.08%)1681 (1205; 2157)0%0189,805 (0.07%)255,667 (0.10%)
Urinary tract infection29,616,268 (11.67%)26,741,082 (90.29%)2,875,186 (9.71%)1673 (1623; 1722)8.32%11,78511,887,808 (4.69%)17,728,460 (6.99%)
Diabetes long-term complications12,815,990 (5.05%)11,598,869 (90.50%)1,217,121 (9.50%)2822 (2670; 2975)4.54%22417,941,403 (3.13%)4,874,587 (1.92%)
Diabetes short-term complications3,146,821 (1.24%)2,700,532 (85.82%)446,290 (14.18%)2069 (1828; 2310)7.76%12121,405,176 (0.55%)1,741,645 (0.69%)
Uncontrolled diabetes1,352,185 (0.53%)1304,232 (96.45%)47,954 (3.55%)1362 (1304; 1419)2.52%218590,309 (0.23%)761,876 (0.30%)
Lower-extremity amputation among diabetics9,031,819 (3.56%)8,329,937 (92.23%)701,883 (7.77%)7134 (6734; 7535)12.16%17075,643,650 (2.22%)3,388,170 (1.34%)
Dehydration5,913,323 (2.33%)4,565,029 (77.20%)1,348,294 (22.80%)1959 (1722; 2196)14.08%33452,959,256 (1.17%)2,954,067 (1.16%)
Acute ACSC141,836,453 (56.72%)111,852,188 (78.86%)29,984,265 (21.14%)2521 (2457; 2586)16.76%75,88077,029,061 (30.80%)64.807.392 (25.92%)
Chronic ACSC108,227,724 (43.28%)98,174,566 (90.71%)10,053,157 (9.29%)2509 (2464; 2554)9.32%33,76156.941.238 (22.77%)51,286,486 (20.51%)
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