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Table 1 Priority areas for bridging as defined in the Toronto Declaration (2012)

From: A scoping review to characterize bridging tasks in the literature on aging with disability

Bridging TargetDefinition
Health and well-beingImproved access to health care services; improved diagnosis and treatment of secondary conditions and diseases; care coordination; health literacy; health promotion and wellness; prevention of age-related chronic conditions; prevention of abuse and neglect; reduction in pre-mature mortality and training of health professionals in aging and disability.
Inclusion, participation and communityAccessible societies, including age and disability friendly communities, removal of barriers of any kind: architectural, cultural, legislative. Impact and implications of aging and disability on civic and community engagement, and the role of technology and universal design in fostering inclusion, participation and knowledge management.
Long-term supports and servicesSupport for families and caregivers, training and education of direct support professionals; self-determination, access, availability, and affordability of supports and services; ethical issue related to non-discrimination, such as in palliative care, end of life issues.
Income securityEmployment, retirement security, asset development; accommodation and accessibility in the work setting; value of non-paid social and community contributions.
Science of bridgingResearch on bridging aging and disability and on ways to transfer this knowledge locally, nationally, and internationally to policy development.