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Table 1 Inputs, outputs and explanatory variables and their explanation

From: Efficiency of health resource utilisation in primary-level maternal and child health hospitals in Shanxi Province, China: a bootstrapping data envelopment analysis and truncated regression approach

CategoryVariable (Type of variable)Explanation
InputsTotal expenditure (continuous)Capital consumption and defray in the process of service provision and other activities, including healthcare, drug and medicine expenditures
Number of doctors (continuous)Registered doctors at the end of year, excluding retirees and temporary staff
Number of nurses (continuous)Registered nurses at the end of year, excluding retirees and temporary staff
Number of open beds (continuous)Actual bed used at the end of the year (not registered beds)
Number of devices over 10,000 Chinese Yuan (continuous)Sample hospital that owns medical devices worth more than 10,000 Yuan
OutputsTotal revenue (continuous)Revenue gained from service provision and other activities, including healthcare revenue, drug and medicine sales and financial subsidies
Number of patient discharges (continuous)Number of discharged patients after hospitalisation in sample hospitals at the end of year
Number of outpatient and emergency visits (continuous)Number of patients coming for outpatient and emergency diagnostic services in sample hospitals at the end of the year
Number of health examination (continuous)Number of health check ups for women and children conducted by the sample hospital, including prenatal examination and postpartum visit
FactorsPopulation (continuous)Population in the region where the sample hospital is located
GDP per capita (continuous)GDP per capita in the region where the sample hospital is located
Financial subsidy (continuous)Amount of financial subsidy from the government that hospitals can receive in a financial year
Proportion of health professionals (continuous)As a percentage (%) of all employees in the hospital. Health professionals include doctors, nurses, pharmacists, inspection technicians and image technicians
Number of health workers who received job training (continuous)Number of health workers in sample hospitals who received related job training at the end of the year
Average annual income of staff (continuous)Average annual income of employees in sample hospitals, including wages, bonuses and subsidies