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Table 7 Factors affecting the required number of hospital beds

From: Models and methods for determining the optimal number of beds in hospitals and regions: a systematic scoping review

Demand factorsSupply factorsExternal factors
Admission ratesAverage length of stayPolitical pressures
Hospitalization ratesCurrent bed numbersPolicy changes
Population changesWaiting timeSub-regional access
Seasonal effectsBed occupancy rateInter-regional flows
Epidemiological changes such as diseases prevalenceMedical and technological advances 
Emergency cases and future emergency trendsHospital efficiency
Clinical and service performance
Region of patient residence (rural or urban)Alternatives to hospital care
Patient transfers to other providers
Funding level
The type of care (surgical or non-surgical)