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Table 2 Overview of MIDI determinants, number of items, and response scales

From: Nursing staff’s evaluation of facilitators and barriers during implementation of wireless nurse call systems in residential care facilities. A cross-sectional study

DeterminantNo of itemsScale
Innovation: WNCS
 D1 Procedural clarity ^11–5
 D2 Correctness ^11–5
 D3 Completeness ^11–5
 D4 Complexity *15–1
 D5 Compatibility ^11–5
 D6 Observability ^11–5
 D7 Relevance for resident ^11–5
Adopting user: care provider
 D8 Personal benefit ^71–5
 D8 Personal drawback *15–1
 D9 Outcome expectation, importance ^31–5
 D9 Outcome expectation, probability ~31–5
 D10 Professional obligation ^11–5
 D11 Resident/family satisfaction ^21–5
 D12 Resident/family cooperation ^21–5
 D13 Social support ^81–5
 D14 Descriptive norm **11–7
 D15a Normative beliefs ~101–5
 D15b Motivation to comply #101–5
 D16 Self-efficacy ~101–5
 D17 Knowledge ^121–5
 D18 Awareness of content ¤11–4
Organization: residential care facility unit
 D19 Formal ratification ¨11–3
 D20 Staff turnover ^11–5
 D21 Staff capacity ^11–5
 D22 Financial resources ^11–5
 D23 Time available ^11–5
 D24 Material resources ^11–5
 D25 Coordinator ¨21–3
 D26 Unsettled organization ¨11–3
 D27 Information available ^11–5
 D28 Performances feedback ^11–5
Socio-political context: Norwegian legislation
 D29 Legislation and regulations ^11–5
  1. Abbreviations: MIDI Measurement Instrument for Determinants of Innovation, WNCS wireless nurse call system, D determinant. Response scales: ^ 1; totally disagree, 2; disagree, 3; neither agree nor disagree, 4; agree, 5; totally agree. * 1; totally agree, 2; agree, 3; neither agree nor disagree, 4; disagree, 5; totally disagree. ~ 1; most definitely not, 2; definitely not, 3; perhaps, perhaps not, 4; definitely, 5; most definitely. ** 1; not a single colleague, 2; almost no colleagues, 3; a minority, 4; half, 5; a majority, 6; almost all colleagues, 7; all colleagues. # 1; very little, 2; little, 3; not a little, not a lot, 4; a lot, 5; a great deal. ¤ 1; I’m not familiar with the WNCS, 2; I’m familiar with the WNCS, but have not explored it, 3; I’m familiar with the WNCS and have some experience with it, 4; I’m well acquainted with and use the WNCS. ¨ 1; no, 2; yes, 3; I don’t know