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Table 1 Comparison of Intervention and Comparison Groups’ Characteristics at Baseline and Follow-up

From: A quasi-experiment assessing the six-months effects of a nurse care coordination program on patient care experiences and clinician teamwork in community health centers

  Baseline (Median[range]) Follow-up (Median[range])
Characteristics Intervention Centers (N = 6) Comparison Total P-value* Intervention Centers (N = 6) Comparison Centers (N = 6) Total P-value*
Centers (N = 6) Centers (N = 12) Centers (N = 12)
Number of patient visits per full-time employee in 6-month period 501 [333;511] 443 [301;528] 450 [301;528] 0.20 918 [631;1114] 841 [611;1000] 841 [611;1114] 0.42
Patient insurance status
 Medicaid patients (%) 71 [59; 74] 64 [55; 81] 68 [55; 81] 0.75 72 [60; 74] 65 [56; 81] 68 [56; 81] 0.94
 Medicare patients (%) 8 [4; 10] 13 [9; 17] 10 [4; 17] 0.01 8 [5; 10] 12 [8; 15] 9 [5; 15] 0.02
 Private insurance patients (%) 10 [9; 12] 12 [7; 20] 11 [7; 20] 0.42 11 [8; 12] 12 [7; 18] 11 [7; 18] 0.26
 Uninsured patients (%) 9 [3; 23] 6 [2; 18] 6 [2; 23] 0.26 9 [3; 22] 6 [2; 16] 7 [2; 22] 0.29
Patient race
 White patients (%) 28 [13; 66] 41 [27; 65] 32 [13; 66] 0.34 27 [13; 64] 38 [25; 63] 31 [13; 64] 0.38
 Black patients (%) 8 [7; 20] 15 [2; 22] 12 [2; 22] 0.52 8 [5; 19] 12 [2; 18] 10 [2; 19] 0.87
 Hispanic patients (%) 49 [12; 64] 34 [18; 58] 43 [12; 64] 0.26 50 [13; 64] 34 [18; 59] 43 [13; 64] 0.30
 Other race patients (%) 4 [2; 5] 5 [4; 12] 4 [2; 12] 0.05 4 [2; 7] 6 [3; 22] 4 [2; 22] 0.20
 Race unknown patients (%) 4 [2; 10] 2 [1; 11] 4 [1; 11] 0.19 5 [3; 10] 4 [2; 12] 4 [2; 12] 0.51
Patients eligible for care coordination^ 330 [114;1396] 745 [162;1538] 410 [114;1538] 0.63 . . . .
Productivity indicator 1.21 [1.04;1.37] 1.00 [0.96;1.19] 1.12 [0.96;1.37] 0.06 1.23 [1.02;1.28] 1.05 [0.81;1.16] 1.06 [0.81;1.28] 0.07
Supervisor support for staff, indicative of work climate (staff reported, 1–4 scale)~ 3.60 [2.96; 3.80] 3.67 [3.49; 3.84] 3.66 [2.96; 3.84] 0.57 3.37 [3.23; 3.88] 3.57 [3.23; 3.93] 3.56 [3.23;3.93] 0.57
  1. ^ Baseline values apply to follow-up period as well because the starting sample of eligible patients remained the focus throughout the study. *p-value from Wilcoxon rank-sum tests comparing intervention to comparison centers. ~Supervisor support measured by 5 items from the FQHC’s staff survey