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Table 3 Characteristics of caregivers and their PwD (n = 226)

From: Why do family dementia caregivers reject caregiver support services? Analyzing types of rejection and associated health-impairments in a cluster-randomized controlled intervention trial

CharacteristicSample
(n = 226)
Bivariate relationship to caregivers’ rejection
Caregiver
 Gender t = −0.361, p = 0.114
  Female, %73.0 
  Male, %27.0 
 Age, mean (SD)64.55 (12.87)r = 0.003, p = 0.724
 Currently Working, %27.4t = 0.182, p = 0.429
 Relationship with PwD, %  
 Spouse, life partner, Siblings46.9t = 12.997, p = 0.980
 Son/daughter, Son-in-law/daughter-in-law, Grandchildren49.6t = 0.229, p = 0.321
 Other3.5t = − 0.423, p = 0.568
Education, %
  Without degree2.7t = 15.432, p = 0.977
  Lower Secondary Education37.3t = − 0.217, p = 0.657
  Higher Secondary Education31.1t = − 0.651, p = 0.105
  Polytechnical Degree16.9t = 0.094, p = 0.841
  Advanced technical college certificate2.2t = 0.355, p = 0.457
  Higher education entrance qualification9.8t = 0.285, p = 0.530
 Income (net) per month, € (SD)1828.29 (740.29)r = − 0.001, p = 0.546
 Hours spent for caring per month141.29 (224.21)r = 0.001, p = 0.183
 SF-12 physical health of caregivers, mean (SD)47.43 (9.24)r = − 0.015, p = 0.176
 SF-12 mental health of caregivers, mean (SD)52.80 (9.11)r = − 0.012, p = 0.269
 BSI-18 somatization of caregivers1.41 (2.25)r = 0.046, p = 0.224
 BSI-18 depression of caregivers1.04 (2.56)r = 0.045, p = 0.176
 BSI-18 anxiety of caregivers1.50 (2.63)r = 0.057, p = 0.085
Person with Dementia (PwD)
 Gender t = 0.315, p = 0.175
  Female, %61.6 
  Male, %38.4 
 Age, mean (SD)80.88 (5.56)r = 0.029, p = 0.137
 Living in partnership, %54.0 
 Living situation (living alone), %47.8t = 0.082, p = 0.708
 Severity of dementia (MMST), mean (SD)21.4 (5.45)r = −0.008, p = 0.704
 Depression (GDS) t = 0.047, p = 0.876
  Mild, %84.8 
  Moderate or severe, %15.2 
Functional status (B-ADL), mean (SD)4.32 (2.70)r = 0.092, p = 0.021
  1. Footnote: r = Pearson’s product-moment-correlation coefficient, t = Welch’s t-test coefficient (two-sided), p = p-values, MMST = Mini Mental State Test ranging from 0 to 30 (higher score indicates better cognitive functioning), B-ADL = Bayer Activities of Daily Living Scale ranging 0–10 (lower score indicates better performance), GDS = Geriatric Depression Scale ranging from 0 to 15 (score ≥ 6 indicates depression), SF-12 = 12-Item short form survey assessing physical and mental health, BSI-18 = brief symptom inventory short form assessing syndromes of somatization, depression, and anxiety
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