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Table 1 Patient and hospital-level factors associated with VHA-to-VHA ED inter-facility transfer, 2012–2014

From: Potentially avoidable Inter-Facility transfer from Veterans Health Administration emergency departments: A cohort study

 Non-Transfer
(n = 6,154,146)
Non-Avoidable Transfer (n = 14,560)Potentially Avoidable Transfer
(n = 4292)
Age, y (SD)58.8 (16.0)58.9 (15.1)56.8 (15.5)
Male, n (%)5,512,967 (90)13,624 (94)3930 (92)
Rurality of Residence
 Urban, n (%)5,078,808 (89)9374 (75)2899 (78)
 Large Rural, n (%)343,642 (6)1678 (13)420 (11)
 Small Rural, n (%)160,163 (3)826 (7)226 (6)
 Isolated Rural, n (%)135,530 (2)653 (5)177 (5)
Day of the Week
 Monday, n (%)1,050,212 (17)2461 (17)706 (17)
 Tuesday, n (%)978,139 (16)2260 (16)642 (15)
 Wednesday, n (%)934,969 (15)2157 (15)658 (15)
 Thursday, n (%)913,478 (15)2131 (15)682 (16)
 Friday, n (%)920,805 (15)2171 (15)552 (13)
 Saturday, n (%)679,584 (11)1637 (11)490 (11)
 Sunday, n (%)635,672 (10)1743 (12)562 (13)
Time of Day
 8a-5p Mon-Fri, n (%)3,199,845 (52)6998 (48)1720 (40)
 Evenings, nights, and weekends, n (%)2,913,014 (48)7562 (52)2572 (60)
Transfer Location
 ED, n (%)N/A5427 (37)3212 (75)
 Inpatient, n (%)N/A9133 (63)1080 (25)
Hospitalization, n (%)1,083,322 (18)14,533 (99)1435 (33)
Hospital Length of Stay, d (median, IQR)4 (2, 7)5 (3, 9)1 (1, 1)
Number of ED beds15.8 (10.8)11.8 (7.3)12.7 (6.8)
Follow-up care
 Visits at index hospital, n (%)4,832,894(79)11,841 (81)3139 (73)
 Visits at referral hospital, n (%)N/A10,502 (72)3266 (76)
30-day Mortality, n (%)82,259 (1.3)422 (2.9)65 (1.5)
  1. Abbreviations: y years, SD standard deviation, ED emergency department, d days, IQR interquartile range