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Table 1 Evidence Table for Included Studies

From: Unpacking organizational readiness for change: an updated systematic review and content analysis of assessments

StudyAssessmentStudy description
ORC-BASED ASSESSMENTS
 Lehman, 2002a [10]Assessment name: Organizational Readiness for Change Treatment Director Version (ORC-D)
Items mapped/items total: 104/116
Setting: Addiction Technology Transfer centers
Sample: 135 directors from 101 treatment units
Type of intervention: N/A
Additional data in study: A program identification form (PID) and a patient-level form (the CEST)
 Lehman, 2002b [10]Assessment name: Organizational Readiness for Change Treatment Staff Version (ORC-S)
Items mapped/items total: 104/116
Setting: Addiction Technology Transfer centers
Sample: 458 treatment personnel from 111 treatment units
Type of intervention: N/A
Additional data in study: A program identification form (PID) and a patient-level form (the CEST)
 Bohman, 2008 [21]Assessment name: Medical Organizational Readiness for Change survey
Items mapped/items total: 44/45
Setting: Trauma center (community health programs)
Sample: 141 Community Health Program (CHP) and 45 Emergency Center (EC) respondents
Type of intervention: A screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) program for alcohol and drug misuse
Additional data in study: None
 Claiborne, 2013 [22]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 9/9
Setting: Not-for-profit child welfare agencies under contract with the public child welfare system in one state participating in the Children’s Bureau supported child welfare workforce project
Sample: 356 direct care and clinical child welfare workers
Type of intervention: N/A
Additional data in study: The Spector Job Satisfaction Survey, Parker Organizational Climate survey
 Guerrero, 2016 [17]Assessment name: Modified version of ORC-D
Items mapped/items total: 79/84
Setting: Publicly funded substance abuse treatment organizations
Sample: 97 programs
Type of intervention: Evaluated program capacity factors associated with client outcomes
Additional data in study: Clinical encounter data from the Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System (LACPRS), leadership scale, Cultural Competence Self-Assessment Questionnaire
 Saldana, 2007 [23]Assessment name: Organizational Readiness for Change Treatment Staff Version (ORC-S)
Items mapped/items total: 124/134
Setting: State mental health and substance abuse treatment sectors
Sample: 543 community-based therapists treating substance-abusing youth
Type of intervention: N/A
Additional data in study: Personnel Data Inventory, EBPAS, a modified version of a questionnaire to evaluate staff attitudes toward treatment manuals.
ASSESSMENTS BASED ON HOLT, 2007
 Holt, 2007 [8]Assessment name: Readiness for Organizational Change scale
Items mapped/items total: 41/41
Setting: Government organization that was responsible for developing and fielding information systems for the Department of Defense
Sample: 264 employees
Type of intervention: New organizational structure being implemented
Additional data in study: None
 Saleh, 2016 [24]Assessment name: Adapted Readiness for Organizational Change scale
Items mapped/items total: 41/41
Setting: Primary Health Care centers in Lebanon
Sample: 213 primary healthcare providers (physicians, nurses, other providers) working in 22 PHC centers
Type of intervention: eHealth tools
Additional data in study: None
EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICES (EBP) BELIEFS SCALE
 Melnyk, 2008 [25]Assessment name: Evidence-Based Practices (EBP) Beliefs scale
Items mapped/items total: 16/16
Setting: Nurses from five states in the U.S. who attended continuing education workshops on EBP
Sample: 394 nurses
Type of intervention: EBP
Additional data in study: EBP implementation scale
 Breckenridge-Sproat, 2015 [26]Assessment name: Evidence-Based Practices (EBP) Beliefs scale
Items mapped/items total: 16/16
Setting: Three military hospitals undergoing facility and staff integration
Sample: 360 staff nurses on inpatient nursing units
Type of intervention: Facilitated education and mentoring intervention
Additional data in study: The Organizational Readiness for System-wide Integration of Evidence-Based Practice and EBP Implementation scale
 Warren, 2016 [27]Assessment name: Evidence-Based Practices (EBP) Beliefs scale
Items mapped/items total: 16/16
Setting: 380-bed community teaching hospital and ambulatory care center (located in Maryland and part of a 10-hospital healthcare system)
Sample: All RNs from the hospital (337 in 2008 and 342 in 2012)
Type of intervention: Adoption of evidence-based practices by nurses
Additional data in study: Evidence-based Practice Implementation scale (EBPI), and Organizational Culture & Readiness for System-wide Implementation of EBP scale (OCRSIEP)
OTHER ASSESSMENTS
 Aarons, 2004 [28]Assessment name: Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS)
Items mapped/items total: 15/15
Setting: 51 programs providing mental health services to children and adolescents and their families
Sample: 322 public sector clinical service workers
Type of intervention: EBPs
Additional data in study: None
 Anderson, 1998 [29]Assessment name: Team Climate Inventory (TCI)
Items mapped/items total: 61/61
Setting: British National Health Service
Sample: 155 individuals from 27 hospital management teams; plus 121 groups in four occupations (35 primary health care teams, 42 social services teams, 20 psychiatric teams and 24 oil company teams, N = 971)
Type of intervention: N/A
Additional data in study: None
 Armenakis, 2007 [30]Assessment name: Organizational Change Recipients’ Beliefs Scale
Items mapped/items total: 24/24
Setting: Developed iteratively in four studies
Sample: Sample 1: 19 executives in an executive MBA program; Sample 2: 117 employees in the medical division of a not-for-profit; Sample 3: 117 employees at a U.S. durable goods manufacturer; Sample 4: 247 employees at a Public Safety Organization
Type of intervention: various organizational changes depending on study
Additional data in study: none
 Bobiak, 2009 [31]Assessment name: Measuring Practice Capacity for Change (MPCC)
Items mapped/items total: 25/25
Setting: 3 health care systems in northeast Ohio
Sample: 15 Primary Care Practices
Type of intervention: EPOCHS (Enhancing Practice Outcomes through Communities and Health Systems) study, an ongoing group-randomized clinical trial to promote better quality management through the delivery of evidence-based health care
Additional data in study: Direct observation and key informant interviews
 Cherry, 2011 [32]Assessment name: LTC Readiness Assessment Tool for EHR Implementation
Items mapped/items total: 20/21
Setting: Long Term Care facilities in Texas
Sample: 93 administrators
Type of intervention: Electronic Health Record
Additional data in study: None
 Demiris, 2007 [33]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 20/22
Setting: Critical Access Hospitals in Missouri
Sample: 27 administrators
Type of intervention: Information and communication technology
Additional data in study: None
 Gibb, 2013 [34]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 20/20
Setting: Residential aged care facility
Sample: 6 personal care workers
Type of intervention: Evidence-based teamwork training system
Additional data in study: Semi-structured interviews, semi-structured observation, focus groups
 Gray, 2015 [11]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 53/55
Setting: Continuing care and rehabilitation facility in a major metropolitan city in Canada
Sample: 194 staff
Type of intervention: physical redevelopment and major shifts in operational and organizational processes
Additional data in study: None
 Helfrich, 2009 [35]Assessment name: Organizational Readiness to Change Assessment (ORCA)
Items mapped/items total: 74/74
Setting: 3 quality improvement projects in the US Veterans Health Administration
Sample: 80 observations
Type of intervention: various depending on project
Additional data in study: Not reported
 Nelson, 1999 [36]Assessment name: Proactive Organizational Change: Assessing Critical Success Factors
Items mapped/items total: 53/56
Setting: County Boards of Health
Sample: 122 health board employees
Type of intervention: Entering strategic partnership with non-profit hospital network
Additional data in study: None
 Pasmore, 1988 [37]Assessment name: Sociotechnical Systems Assessment Survey (STSAS)
Items mapped/items total: 87/100
**no use described in original publication, only measure itself**
 Rubenstein, 2014 [38]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 90/90
Setting: 83 primary care practices in Minnesota
Sample: 83 practices
Type of intervention: Collaborative care model for improving depression care
Additional data in study: Physician Practice Connection Questionnaire (modified to focus on depression care) and the Change Process Capability Questionnaire
 Shaw, 2013 [39]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 22/22
Setting: US Veterans Health Administration
Sample: 102 primary care physicians, non-physician providers, nurses, and information technology professionals
Type of intervention: evidence-based nurse-delivered self-management phone intervention to facilitate hypertension management
Additional data in study: Semi-structured interviews
 Shea, 2014a [40]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 30/30
Setting: 47 ambulatory practices within an integrated delivery system
Sample: 400 providers/staff
Type of intervention: Meaningful Use of electronic health record
Additional data in study: None
 Shea, 2014b [41]Assessment name: Organizational Readiness for Implementing Change (ORIC)
Items mapped/items total: 12/12
Setting: Tested in 4 studies
Sample: Study 1: 98 students at a university in southeastern U.S.; Study 2 and 3: 140 students at the same university; Study 4: 311 staff from international non-governmental organizations based in the U.S.
Type of intervention: various depending on study
Additional data in study: none
 Toure, 2012a [42]Assessment name: Practice Style Questionnaire
Items mapped/items total: 17/17
Setting: Rehabilitation center in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sample: 137 clinicians, 28 managers, and 47 nonclinical staff
Type of intervention: e-Health
Additional data in study: e-Health Readiness Measure
 Toure, 2012b [42]Assessment name: e-Health Readiness Measure
Items mapped/items total: 57/57
Setting: Rehabilitation center in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sample: 137 clinicians, 28 managers, and 47 nonclinical staff
Type of intervention: e-Health
Additional data in study: Practice Style Questionnaire
 Zullig, 2013 [43]Assessment name: N/A
Items mapped/items total: 17/17
Setting: Academic hospital in Moshi, Tanzania
Sample: 52 clinicians, nurses and administrators
Type of intervention: Cancer registries
Additional data in study: None
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