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Table 1 Demographic profile and clinical characteristics of patients (n = 311)

From: Prevalence and characteristics of medication errors at an emergency department of a teaching hospital in Malaysia

VariablesFrequency (%)Mean (SD)P-value*
Gender
 Male167 (53.7) 0.192
 Female144 (46.3) 
Age (years) 44.02(18.39) 
 18–2577 (24.8) < 0.001
 26–4060 (19.3) 
 41–60113 (36.3) 
 60+61 (19.6) 
Ethnicity
 Malay282 (90.7) < 0.001
 Chinese12 (3.9) 
 Indian17 (5.5) 
Time of visit
 Morning session (8 am-12 pm)108 (34.7) 0.301
 Early afternoon session (12 pm–2 pm)91 (29.3) 
 Late afternoon session (2 pm–5 pm)112 (36.0) 
Triage
 Red84 (27.0) 0.004
 Yellow131 (42.1) 
 Green96 (30.9) 
Having allergic history
 No278 (89.4) < 0.001
 Yes33 (10.6) 
Concurrent medical problem
 No242 (77.8) < 0.001
 Yes69 (22.2) 
Concurrent medication
 No245 (78.8) < 0.001
 Yes66 (21.2) 
Medical diagnosis classification**
 Diseases of the circulatory system69 (22.1)  
 Diseases of the respiratory system62 (19.9)  
 Injury, Poison and certain other consequences of external cause56 (18.0)  
 Diseases of the digestive system25 (8.0)  
 Endocrine, nutritional or metabolic diseases20 (6.4)  
 Diseases of the skin16 (5.2)  
 Neoplasm15 (4.8)  
 Disease of genitourinary system14 (4.5)  
 Diseases of the blood or blood-formingorgans9 (2.9)  
 External causes of morbidity or mortality9 (2.9)  
 Disease of the musculoskeletal system or connective tissue6 (1.9)  
 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases4 (1.3)  
 Diseases of the nervous system3 (1.0)  
 Symptoms, signs and clinical findings not elsewhere classified3 (1.0)  
  1. *Chi-square goodness-of-fit; **Classification based on ICD-11