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Table 5 Hierarchical linear regression analysis with predictors associated with perceptions of continuity of care at the two-month follow-up (n = 1267)

From: Continuity of care and its associations with self-reported health, clinical characteristics and follow-up services after percutaneous coronary intervention

VariablesUnadjusted regressionBlock 1Block 2Block 3
coef.CI (95%)pcoefCI (95%)pcoefCI (95%)pcoefCI (95%)p
Block 1: Individual factors
 Male Gender0.390(0.279, 0.500)< 0.0010.364(0.249, 0.479)< 0.0010.344(0.226, 0.463)< 0.0010.318(0.208, 0.428)< 0.001
 Age in years− 0.006(−0.011, − 0.002)0.008− 0.004(− 0.008, 0.001)0.094− 0.003(− 0.008, 0.002)0.185− 0.001(− 0.005, 0.004)0.779
 Not living alone0.201(0.078, 0.324)0.0010.130(0.005, 0.255)0.0410.116(−0.008, 0.241)0.0680.087(−0.029, 0.202)0.142
 Education level  0.845  0.686  0.409  0.585
  Primary School (ref.)
  Trade school0.037(−0.096, 0.170)0.590−0.061(− 0.194, 0.073)0.375− 0.072(− 0.206, 0.062)0.291− 0.019(− 0.143, 0.105)0.760
  High School0.080(−0.106, 0.266)0.4010.020(−0.164, 0.204)0.833−0.001(−0.185, 0.183)0.9920.054(−0.117, 0.225)0.533
  College/University0.045(−0.089, 0.180)0.507−0.053(− 0.187, 0.082)0.445−0.103(− 0.241, 0.035)0.143− 0.052(− 0.180, 0.075)0.420
Block 2: Health-related factors
 RAND-12 Physical (baseline)0.010(0.005, 0.015)< 0.001   −0.004(− 0.013, 0.005)0.405− 0.006(− 0.015, 0.002)0.151
 RAND-12 Mental (baseline)0.010(0.006, 0.015)< 0.001   0.008(−0.001, 0.016)0.0930.007(−0.001, 0.015)0.098
 Coronary heart disease  < 0.001     < 0.001  0.034
  Stabile coronary diseases (ref.)
   UAP0.059(−0.086, 0.203)0.426   0.081(−0.062, 0.224)0.268−0.033(− 0.186, 0.120)0.672
   NSTEMI0.142(0.022, 0.262)0.021   0.142(0.021, 0.262)0.021−0.030(−0.174, 0.114)0.679
   STEMI0.390(0.254, 0.525)< 0.001   0.338(0.195, 0.481)<  0.0010.143(−0.029, 0.315)0.103
   Other0.217(0.005, 0.429)0.044   0.210(− 0.000, 0.419)0.0500.164(−0.040, 0.367)0.115
Comorbidity DHPS−0.121(− 0.217, − 0.025)0.014   −0.046(− 0.148, 0.055)0.372−0.045(− 0.138, 0.049)0.349
Smoke  0.547     0.360  0.269
 Never smoke (ref.)
 Smoked before >1mnd−0.061(−0.171, 0.049)0.276   −0.058(− 0.169, 0.053)0.303−0.084(−0.186, 0.018)0.106
 Smoked−0.043(−0.178, 0.093)0.535   −0.100(−0.245, 0.044)0.174−0.049(− 0.182, 0.083)0.465
Previous PCI−0.130(− 0.238, − 0,022)0.018   −0.075(− 0.188, 0.037)0.190− 0.044(−.0.149, 0.060)0.405
Previous Coronary bypass surgery−0.042(− 0.188, 0.104)0.573   0.036(−0.116, 0.189)0.6380.048(−0.092, 0.189)0.500
Block 3: Healthservice factors
Duration of hospital stay  < 0.001        0.369
 1 day (ref.)
 2 days0.209(0.050, 0.368)0.010      0.150(0.001, 0.298)0.049
 3 days0.277(0.121, 0.433)< 0.001      0.087(−0.078, 0.252)0.303
 4 days0.277(0.124, 0.430)< 0.001      0.055(−0.118, 0.229)0.531
 More than 4 days0.262(0.124, 0.400)< 0.001      0.058(−0.104, 0.220)0.482
Benefit from the written patient information from hospital  < 0.001        < 0.001
 No (ref.)
 Yes0.454(0.312, 0.597)< 0.001      0.344(0.208, 0.481)< 0.001
 I don’t know0.190(0.024, 0.355)0.024      0.100(−0.057, 0.256)0.211
 Did not receive− 0.164(− 0.332, 0.003)0.054      −0.121(−0.278, 0.036)0.131
Discharged to home−0.185(−0.291, − 0.080)< 0.001      −0.116(−0.224, − 0.009)0.034
First post-discharge meeting with GP  < 0.001        0.068
 Before 4 weeks (ref.)
 Within 4–8 weeks−0.014(−0.124, 0.096)0.801      −0.001(− 0.102, 0.100)0.985
 Not visited the GP−0.446(−0.591, − 0.301)< 0.001      −0.185(−0.347, − 0.023)0.025
Consultation with the regular GP at first appointment0.401(0.281, 0.521)< 0.001      0.191(0.057, 0.326)0.005
Enough time in consultations with GP  < 0.001        < 0.001
 To some degree and less (ref.)
 To a large degree0.476(0.371, 0.581)< 0.001      0.379(0.276, 0.482)< 0.001
 To a very large degree0.698(0.569, 0.828)< 0.001      0.558(0.430, 0.686)< 0.001
CR participation (planned, ongoing or completed)0.224(0.128, 0.320)< 0.001      0.093(−0.004, 0.190)0.060
 Block 1 R2 = 0.043
Adjusted R Squared = 0.039
Block 2 R2 = 0.076
Adjusted R Squared = 0.063
Block 3 R2 = 0.239
Adjusted R Squared = 0.220
  1. Dependent Variable Heart Continuity of Care questionnaire (HCCQ), All analyses in the table are estimated using multiply imputed data for the 1267 observations with complete data for the dependent variable. Abbreviations PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, STEMI ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, NSTEMI Non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, UAP unstable angina, GP general practitioner, CR cardiac rehabilitation, WHOQL World Health Organization Quality of Life, RAND-12 Health Status Inventory, physical and mental component, Comorbidity DHPS diabetes, hypertension, peripheral artery disease and previous stroke