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Table 4 Maternal health beliefs about the importance of health and care during pregnancy

From: Individual and healthcare system factors influencing antenatal care attendance in Saudi Arabia

  Theme Missed appointments Planned miss appointments Delayed appointments
Health beliefs Attitude towards general health t (232) = −2.08, p = .038* t (232) = 1.759, p = .072 t (232) = 2.227, p = .027*
Perceived susceptibility to complications t (232) = −1.598, p = .112 t (232) = 1.856, p = .067 t (232) = 1.83, p = .078
Perceived seriousness of complications t (232) = − 1.180, p = .072 t (232) = .798, p = .427 t (232) = .741, p = .460
Benefit and costs of receiving antenatal care t (232) = − 2.65, p = .008* t (232) = 1.416, p = .159 t (232) = 1.175, p = .241
Health literacy   t (233) = −.816 p = .415 t (233) = − 1.556, p = .121 t (233) = −3.139, p = .002*
Staff communication Information t (239) = − 2.464, p = .014* t (239) = − 1.377, p = .170 t (239) = .786, p = .433
Continuity t (239) = − 2.35, p = .019* t (239) = − 1.502, p = .134 t (239) = 1.457, p = .146
Care t (239) = − 2.157, p = .032* t (239) = −-.892, p = .375 t (239) = 2.305, p = .022*
  1. * = p < 0.05