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Table 3 Factor analysis of barriers to antenatal care attendance for mothers who had missed appointments (n = 116)

From: Individual and healthcare system factors influencing antenatal care attendance in Saudi Arabia

Reason Antenatal care not important Clinic factors Personal barriers Time Agreement with reason
      N %
Pregnancy is not a health issue .584     33 28.2%
ANC does not affect health outcomes .599     11 9.4%
ANC not important .726     9 7.7%
Forgot appointment .758     6 5.2%
Negative attitude towards ANC of husband .798     5 4.3%
Negative attitudes towards ANC of own mother .678     1 0.9%
Reliance on family or friends for information .568     1 0.9%
Appointments are too short and rushed   .902    17 14.5%
Difficulty in booking appointment   .576    20 11.7%
Clinic’s hours are not suitable   .735    12 10.2%
Long waiting time at appointments   .666    25 21.4%
Medical records lost   .456    7 6.1%
Lack of trust in health care system   .416    4 3.4%
Lack of transport   . .674   28 24.2%
Distance between home and ANC    .502   19 16.4%
Lack of childcare    .531   17 14.7%
Preference for private health care    .609   49 41.9%
Work commitments     .574 21 26.1%
Doctor communication     .705 3 2.6%
Appointments perceived as waste of time     .423 1 0.9%
Cronbach’s alpha 0.74 0.71 0.79 0.68