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Table 3 Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) 14 domain version, domains description, and 84 theoretical constructs. Cane et al. [18] definition of the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) 14 domains a list of the theoretical constructs comprising each domain

From: Establishing content validity for a conceptualized instrument to measure barriers to eating a healthful diet in adults: a consensus approach

Theoretical DomainCane et al., 2012 [18] Domain DescriptionTheoretical Construct
1. Knowledge1.1.An awareness of the existence of something1. Knowledge (including knowledge of condition /scientific rationale)
2. Procedural knowledge
3. Knowledge of task environment
2. Skills1.1.1.1.1.1.An ability or proficiency acquired through practice4. Skills
5. Skills development
6. Competence
7. Ability
8. Interpersonal skills
9. Practice
10. Skill assessment
3. Social/professional role and identity1.1.1.1.1.1.1.A coherent set of behaviors and displayed personal qualities of an individual in a social or work setting11. Professional identity
12. Professional role
13. Social identity
14. Identity
15. Professional boundaries
16. Professional confidence
17. Group identity
18. Leadership
19. Organizational commitment
4. Beliefs about capabilities1.1.1.1.1.1.1.Acceptance of the truth, reality, or validity about an ability, talent20. Self-confidence
21. Perceived competence
22. Self-efficacy
23. Perceived behavioral control
24. Beliefs
25. Self-esteem
26. Empowerment
27. Professional confidence
5. Optimism1.1.1.The confidence that things will happen for the best28. Optimism
29. Pessimism
30. Unrealistic optimism
31. Identity
6. Beliefs about consequences1.1.1.1.Acceptance of the truth, reality, or validity about outcomes of a behavior in a given situation32. Beliefs
33. Outcome expectancies
34. Characteristics of outcome expectancies
35. Anticipated regret
36. Consequents
7. Reinforcement1.1.1.1.1.1.Increasing the probability of a response by arranging a dependent relationship, or contingency37. Rewards (proximal/distal, valued/not valued, probable/improbable)
38. Incentives
39. Punishment
40. Consequents
41. Reinforcement
42. Contingencies
43. Sanctions
8. Intentions1.1.A conscious decision to perform a behavior or a resolve to act in a certain way44. Stability of intentions
45. Stages of change model
46. Trans theoretical model and stages of change
9. Goals1.1.1.1.1.Mental representation of outcomes or end states47. Goals (distal/proximal)
48. Goal priority
49. Goal/target setting
50. Goals (autonomous/controlled)
51. Action planning
52. Implementation intention
10. Memory, attention and decision processes1.1.1.1.The ability to retain information, focus selectively on aspects of the environment, and choose between two or more alternatives53. Memory
54. Attention
55. Attention control
56. Decision making
57. Cognitive overload/tiredness
11. Environmental context and resources1.1.1.1.1.Any circumstance of a person’s situation or environment that discourages or encourages the development of skills and abilities, independence, social competence58. Environmental stressors
59. Resources/material resources
60. Organizational culture /climate
61. Salient events/critical incidents
62. Person x environment interaction
63. Barriers and facilitators
12. Social influences1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.Those interpersonal processes that can cause an individual to change their thoughts, feelings, or behaviors64. Social pressure
65. Social norms
66. Group conformity
67. Social comparisons
68. Group norms
69. Social support
70. Power
71. Intergroup conflict
72. Alienation
73. Group identity
74. Modelling
13. Emotion1.1.1.1.1.1.A complex reaction pattern, involving experiential, behavioral, and physiological elements, by which the individual attempts to deal with a personally significant matter or event75. Fear
76. Anxiety
77. Affect
78. Stress
79. Depression
80. Positive/negative affect
81. Burn-out
14. Behavioral regulation1.1.Anything aimed at managing or changing objectively observed or measured actions82. Self-monitoring
83. Breaking habit
84. Action planning