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Table 1 An example of analysis process

From: Explaining factors affecting help-seeking behaviors in women with urinary incontinence: a qualitative study

Meaning unit Code Sub-Subcategories Subcategories Main Category Theme
I change my clothes regularly, if I am not home I change both my underwear and my pants when I come (P. 5). Frequent change of clothes Adaptation to symptoms Self-control Not perceiving disease Inhibitor
I go to the bathroom frequently so that my bladder is empty so that I do not urinate (P. 8). Frequent urination     
When I want to go out, I always take a sanitary pad (P. 9). Use of sanitary pad     
I try not to drink water or tea (P.1). Limited fluid intake Changing eating habits    
I follow a diet of fruits, vegetables, and herbs (P. 2). Eating healthy food     
I was told that you have a prolapse bladder, but I do not, because if I had, I would have felt the prolapse of the bladder (P.8). Lack of information the nature of the disease Unawareness of the nature of the disease Unawareness   
Where I worked, I used the well water; it was near a gas station, and people said the gasoline was leaking into the well. When we used water, it had a bad smell, and after that, I developed this urinary problem (P.1). Wrong information about the cause of the disease     
Women with the disease don’t pursue treatment because it has no treatment. I don’t know if there is a cure (P. 2). Unawareness of about the curability of the disease Unawareness of treatment    
I understand that bladder lift surgery is useless because it is not something that holds the bladder (P.16). Misconceptions about how to treat