Skip to main content

Table 5 The association of overall recall/recognition scores for cancer risk factors with reporting barriers to seek medical advice for cancer

From: Perceived barriers to seeking cancer care in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study

Type of barrier Barrier Overall recall score Overall recognition score
Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value aAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value aAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value
Emotional Embarrassment (n= 2769) 0.89 (0.82–0.98) 0.015 0.89 (0.82–0.89) 0.013 0.95 (0.90–0.99) 0.016 0.95 (0.91–0.99) 0.035
Feeling scared (n= 2753) 0.98 (0.90–1.07) 0.64 0.97 (0.89–1.06) 0.51 0.94 (0.90–0.98) 0.005 0.94 (0.90–0.99) 0.010
Wouldn’t feel confident talking about symptom with doctor (n= 2652) 0.93 (0.85–1.02) 0.14 0.93 (0.85–1.02) 0.12 0.96 (0.91–1.00) 0.07 0.99 (0.94–1.03) 0.56
Feeling worried about what a doctor might find (n= 2657) 0.98 (0.90–1.07) 0.68 0.97 (0.88–1.06) 0.47 0.97 (0.93–1.02) 0.24 0.99 (0.95–1.05) 0.91
Service Feeling worried about wasting doctor’s time (n= 2673) 0.92 (0.83–1.03) 0.15 0.93 (0.83–1.04) 0.18 0.98 (0.93–1.04) 0.49 0.98 (0.94–1.03) 0.59
Difficulty talking to doctor (n= 2647) 0.95 (0.85–1.05) 0.31 0.96 (0.86–1.07) 0.46 0.99 (0.95–1.05) 0.91 0.98 (0.93–1.04) 0.49
Difficulty making an appointment with the doctor (n= 2667) 0.91 (0.83–1.00) 0.06 0.91 (0.83–1.00) 0.06 1.02 (0.97–1.07) 0.37 1.05 (0.99–1.10) 0.07
Practical Busy to go to the doctor (n= 2685) 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 0.009 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 0.008 0.97 (0.92–1.01) 0.16 0.99 (0.94–1.04) 0.64
Having other things to do (n= 2655) 0.87 (0.79–0.96) 0.005 0.87 (0.79–0.96) 0.005 0.96 (0.92–1.01) 0.12 0.97 (0.92–1.02) 0.22
Difficulty arranging transports to the doctor (n= 2676) 0.84 (0.76–0.92) < 0.001 0.83 (0.76–0.92) < 0.001 0.99 (0.94–1.04) 0.68 0.99 (0.94–1.03) 0.56
  1. n number of participants tested, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. Notes
  3. aAdjusted for age and gender
  4. To overcome the non-linear relationships, the ‘I do not know’ category of each barrier was dropped for easier interpretation
  5. p-values in bold are less than 0.05