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Table 1 Summary of study variables

From: Assessing the contextual effect of community in the utilization of postnatal care services in Ghana

Variable name Variable Description Coding structure
Dependent variable
 Postnatal care usage Whether postnatal care was received within 41 days after live birth or not Categorized, 0 = No, 1 = Yes
Individual-level variables
 Maternal age Maternal age in years Continuous, ranged from 15 to 49 years
 Marital status Current marital status Categorized, 1 = Single, 2 = Cohabitating,
3 = Widow/divorced/separated,
4 = Married
 Religion Women’s religious affiliation Categorized, 1 = Traditional/other, 2 = Muslim, 3 = Christian
 Ethnicity Ethnic group of the women Categorized, 1 = Akan, 2 = Northern tribes, 3 = Ewe, 4 = Ga, 5 = Other
 Parity History of births Categorized, 1 = One birth, 2 = Two births, 3 = Three or more births
 Educational attainment Highest educational level Categorized, 0 = No Education, 1 = Primary, 2 = Secondary/ Higher
 Wealth status Wealth status of household Categorized, 1 = Poor, 2 = Middle, 3 = Rich
 Employment status Working status of the women Categorized, 1 = Not Working, 2 = Working
Community-level variables
 Community problem with distance to health facility Perceived problem with distance to a health facility when seeking medical care Categorized, 0 = not a big problem (short distance), 1 = big problem (long distance)
 Area of residence Whether community is rural or urban Categorized, 0 = Rural, 1 = Urban
 Community poverty level Percentage of women who were poor based on wealth status per community Categorized, 0 = Low (≤50%), 1 = High (> 50%)
 Community educational level Percentage of women with at least secondary education per community Continuous, ranged from 0 to 100
 Community unemployment level Percentage of women without work per community Continuous, ranged from 0 to 81.3