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Table 3 Timing of ANC attendance compared to 2002 WHO recommendation of 4 ANC visits per pregnancy a, b, c

From: Out-of-pocket costs and time spent attending antenatal care services: a case study of pregnant women in selected rural communities in Zinder, Niger

ANC attendance compared to WHO recommendationd ANC attendance scoring criterion First trimester Second trimester First half of third trimester Second half of third trimester
Attended 1 68 (4.0%) 1127 (65.8%) 487 (28.4%) 14 (0.8%)
Failed to attend -1 1644 (95.9%) 348 (20.3%) 76 (4.4%) 6 (0.4%)
Not applicablee 0 2 (0.1%) 239 (13.9%) 1151 (67.1%) 1694 (98.8%)
  1. aANC Antenatal care; WHO World Health Organization
  2. bSample size: n = 1714;
  3. cTrimesters were defined as: first trimester, ≤13 weeks; second trimester: > 13 weeks to 27 weeks; first half of third trimester: > 27 weeks day to 34 weeks; and second half of third trimester: > 34 weeks;
  4. dUntil 2016, WHO recommended at least four ANC visits for uncomplicated pregnancies with the first ANC visit occurring before the 12th week of gestation, the second around 26 weeks, the third around 32 weeks and the fourth visit between 36 and 38 of gestation;
  5. eNot applicable because women had not yet completed respective trimester period