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Table 2 Distribution of the scores of four life skills and financial literacy among ASHAs before and after the intervention in the intervention and control groups

From: Evaluation of a training program for life skills education and financial literacy to community health workers in India: a quasi-experimental study

Characteristics Intervention group (n = 86) Control group (n = 85)
Pre-test Post-test P value Pre-test Post-test P value
Communication skills
mean (SD)
6.1 (1.7) 11.5 (2.1) < 0.001 6.1 (2.1) 6.2 (2.0) 0.8
Confidence skills
Mean (SD)
15.9 (4.0) 24.0 (3.7) < 0.001 18.5 (5.9) 19.5 (4.4) 0.2
Problem-solving and decision-making skillsa
Median (IQR)
2.0 (0–4.0) 8.0 (7.0–9.0) < 0.001 2.0 (0–5.0) 0 (0–3.0) 0.02
Time and stress management skillsa Median (IQR) 4.5 (2.0–6.0) 10.0 (8.0–13.0) < 0.001 5.0 (1.0–7.0) 5.0 (2.0–7.0) 0.3
Financial literacy 4.6 (2.4) 16.2 (3.3) < 0.001 6.0 (3.2) 9.9 (4.2) < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: SD Standard Deviation, IQR Interquartile Range
  2. aWilcoxon signed-rank test was run
  3. P value < 0.05 was considered significant and highlighted in bold