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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) for health-related symptom and healthcare seeking behaviors by demographic characteristics in Shanghai

From: The ecology of medical care in Shanghai

  Report illness Take treatment Visit a medical institution Visit a primary medical institution Self-healing TCM Hospital stay Surgery
Age
0–17
n = 1971
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
18–39
n = 4390
1.031
(0.865, 1.23)
1.005 (0.841, 1.202) 0.982 (0.791, 1.219) 0.448** (0.269, 0.747) 0.938 (0.708, 1.245) 2.335* (1.142, 4.772) 2.384*** (1.683, 3.376) 5.15*** (2.689, 9.858)
40–64
n = 8838
5.923*** (5.078, 6.909) 5.787*** (4.953, 6.76) 4.65*** (3.86, 5.602) 0.052*** (0.033, 0.083) 2.283*** (1.784, 2.921) 5.917*** (3.03, 11.552) 3.43*** (2.468, 4.775) 7.139*** (3.787, 13.456)
65–79
n = 6400
16.256*** (13.883, 19.035) 15.635*** (13.335, 18.333) 10.623*** (8.806, 12.815) 0.022*** (0.013, 0.034) 3.042*** (2.37, 3.905) 9.181*** (4.698, 17.941) 6.924*** (4.981, 9.624) 10.84*** (5.744, 20.457)
> = 80
n = 1599
23.021*** (19.101, 27.746) 21.284*** (17.664, 25.645) 12.749*** (10.375, 15.667) 0.018*** (0.011, 0.029) 3.446*** (2.604, 4.559) 11.379*** (5.683, 22.782) 9.586*** (6.775, 13.563) 6.847***
(3.464, 13.536)
Sex
Male
n = 11032
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female
n = 12166
1.01 (0.953, 1.072) 1.01 (0.955, 1.074) 1.04 (0.975, 1.103) 0.98 (0.909, 1.047) 1.07 (0.971, 1.174) 1.58 *** (1.344, 1.852) 1.08 (0.981, 1.188) 1.196* (1.039, 1.377)
Income
< 100000
n = 11437
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
100000–300000
n = 10493
0.79 *** (0.742, 0.839) 0.79 *** (0.745, 0.843) 0.85 *** (0.793, 0.903) 1.31 *** (1.213, 1.409) 0.847** (0.766, 0.937) 1.01 (0.857, 1.188) 0.87* (0.782, 0.959) 0.94 (0.809, 1.088)
 300000–500000
n=983
0.71 *** (0.598, 0.836) 0.68 *** (0.577, 0.809) 0.71 *** (0.584, 0.857) 1.65 *** (1.289, 2.119) 0.57 *** (0.412, 0.787) 0.64 (0.364, 1.123) 0.84 (0.628, 1.117) 0.85 (0.559, 1.281)
 >500000
n=285
0.51*** (0.371, 0.702) 0.53*** (0.382, 0.724) 0.64 * (0.445, 0.908) 1.95 ** (1.208, 3.146) 0.51 * (0.276, 0.935) 0.68 (0.248, 1.835) 0.83 (0.498, 1.396) 0.79 (0.369, 1.693)
Register
In Shanghai
n = 20281
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Out Shanghai
n = 2917
0.96 (0.867, 1.056) 0.96 (0.869, 1.059) 0.853** (0.764, 0.95) 1.346*** (1.169, 1.55) 1.227** (1.052, 1.431) 0.93 (0.702, 1.235) 1.09 (0.928, 1.28) 1.17 (0.938, 1.46)
Insurance
Yes
n = 22716
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
No
n = 482
0.93 (0.739, 1.178) 0.92 (0.726, 1.161) 0.97 (0.755, 1.25) 1.14 (0.828, 1.574) 1.04 (0.728, 1.491) 0.70 (0.329, 1.50) 1.13 (0.787, 1.62) 1.13 (0.666, 1.909)
  1. Abbreviation: CI Confidence interval
  2. ***P <0.001, **P <0.01, *P <0.05