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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents by healthcare system

From: Evidence-based smoking cessation treatment: a comparison by healthcare system

Characteristic Total Sample
N = 366 (%)
VHAa
N = 93 (%)
AHCb
N = 273 (%)
Sociodemographic Characteristics
 Gender, n (%)
  Female 206 (56.3) 51 (54.8) 155 (56.8)
 Ethnicity/Race, n (%)c
  Hispanic 11 (3.0) 2 (2.2) 9 (3.3)
  White 297 (81.1) 71 (76.3) 226 (82.8)
  Black 22 (6.0) 7 (7.5) 15 (5.5)
  Asian 45 (12.3) 15 (16.1) 30 (11.0)
  Other 15 (4.1) 4 (4.3) 11 (4.0)
Professional Characteristics
 Medical Specialty, n (%)
  General Internal Medicine 215 (58.7) 65 (69.9) 150 (54.9)
  Pulmonology 39 (10.7) 10 (10.8) 29 (10.6)
  Hematology/Oncology 69 (18.9) 18 (19.4) 51 (18.7)
  Gynecology 43 (11.7) 0 43 (15.8)
 Medical Position, n (%)
  Attending 171 (46.7) 45 (48.4) 126 (46.2)
  Physician-In-Training 159 (43.4) 31 (33.3) 128 (46.9)
  Nurse Practitioner 33 (9.0) 17 (18.3) 16 (5.9)
  Physician Assistant 3 (0.8) 0 3 (1.1)
 Years Since Terminal Degree, n (%)
   < 1 38 (10.4) 5 (5.4) 33 (12.1)
  1–5 137 (37.4) 29 (31.2) 108 (39.6)
  6–10 54 (14.8) 13 (14.0) 41 (15.0)
  11–15 47 (12.8) 11 (11.8) 36 (13.2)
  16–25 57 (15.6) 25 (26.9) 32 (11.7)
   > 25 31 (8.5) 10 (10.8) 21 (7.7)
  Missing 2 (0.5) 0 2 (0.7)
 Practice Location, n (%)
  Hospital-based clinic 262 (71.6) 58 (62.4) 204 (74.7)
  Community-based clinic 104 (28.4) 35 (37.6) 69 (25.3)
<  50% of Time Providing Direct Patient Care, n (%) 87 (23.8) 26 (28.0) 61 (22.3)
Perceived Percentage of Current Smokers in Healthcare Provider’s Practices, median (IQR) 25 (15, 40) 40 (30, 50) 20 (15, 30)
Perceived Percentage of Former Smokers in Healthcare Provider’s Practices, median (IQR) 30 (20, 50) 40 (25, 70) 30 (20, 40)
Perceived Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation at Decreasing Cancer Mortality, n (%)
  Very Effective 260 (71.0%) 69 (74.2%) 191 (70.0%)
   < Very Effective 104 (28.4%) 23 (24.7%) 81 (29.7%)
  Missing 2 (0.5%) 1 (1.1%) 1 (0.4%)
  1. aVHA refers to Veterans Health Administration, bAHC refers to academic health center, cHealthcare providers were allowed to select all race/ethnicity options that applied