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Table 5 Joint display capacity

From: A mixed methods multiple case study to evaluate the implementation of a care pathway for colorectal cancer surgery using extended normalization process theory

Capacity: Social-structural resources available to agents (Social roles, Social norms, Material & Cognitive resources)
SrA ↑↓ LOS (ΔLOS) Qualitative data
Hospital 1 75%
88% ↑17
• Resources available, including time and data system
• No support from quality department, but trained CP facilitator supported project
• Clear clinical leader
• Improvement team had no experience in CP methodology, project as opportunity to learn each other’s contribution
Hospital 2 65%
60% ↑18
• Resources and time constraints. Comprehensive data system available, but manual retrieval of data
• Improvement team had experience with developing and implementing CPs, a detailed project plan was used, quality department supported the project
• Medical champion present, but new in hospital, perceived as disadvantage in collaboration with surgeons
Hospital 8 47%
71% ↑6
• No resources and no time, no data system available
• No clear local champion
• Day-to-day teamwork perceived as good
Hospital 9 54%
72% ↑13
• No resources nor time for improvement activities, no data system available.
• No improvement team formed, and no clear clinical leader
• Limited support from quality department
• Day-to-day teamwork perceived as challenging
Hospital 10 64%
64% ↑7
• Lack of resources and time, staff shortage, limited data available in data system
• Both medical and nursing champions, but medical champion only working on 1 of 2 wards
• Improvement team had no experience in CP methodology, champion had experience
  1. AR Adherence rate post-test, IR Improvement rate, SrA Self-rated adherence, ↑↓ number of interventions on which adherence went up or down, LOS length of stay post-test, ∆LOS change in mean LOS (days)