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Table 1 Comparison of characteristics of individuals living in included vs. excluded communities in full BRFSS Smart cohort (total of 130 MMSAs)

From: Evidence that collaborative action between local health departments and nonprofit hospitals helps foster healthy behaviors in communities: a multilevel study

  Included communities
(n = 32 MMSAs);
% of all respondents
Excluded communities
(n = 98 MMSAs);
% of all respondents
Sex
 Male 48.7 48.3
 Female 51.3 51.7
Marital
 Married 51.4 49.3
 Divorced/Widowed/Separated 19.9 19.2
 Never Married 23.6 25.6
 Member unmarried couple 4.4 5.1
 Refused 0.6 0.8
Education
 Less than Grade 12 12.6 13.3
 Grade 12 or GED (High school graduate) 26.8 25.4
 College 1 year to 3 years (Some college or technical school) 32.0 30.0
 College 4 years or more (College graduate) 28.2 30.8
 Refused 0.4 0.5
Employment Status
 Employed 49.9 51.0
 Not employed 13.6 13.0
 Retired 29.2 28.8
 Unable to work 6.3 6.3
 Refused 1.0 0.9
Income
 Less than $20,000 12.3 13.3
 $20,000 to $75,000 41.7 38.7
 Greater than $75,000 28.6 30.9
 Refused/Don’t know 17.3 17.2
Preferred Race
 White 83.3 79.6
 Black or African American 8.1 11.1
 Asian 1.9 2.9
 Other 4.3 4.2
 Refused/Don’t know 2.5 2.2
Age
 Under 30 11.0 10.5
 30–50 25.1 24.7
 50–65 29.5 30.4
 Over 65 33.1 33.0
 Refused/Don’t Know/Missing 1.3 1.4