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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Participants Fitted with Hearing Aid and Participants Not Fitted with Hearing Aid

From: Cost-utility analysis of hearing aid device for older adults in the community: a delayed start study

Characteristics Fitted
(n = 264)
Not Fitted
(163)
P value
Age (years) (mean, SD) 69.3 (10.8) 69.5 (10.9) 0.86
Ethnicity (n, col %)
 Chinese 248 (93.9) 155 (95.7)  
 Malay 4 (1.5) 4 (2.5)  
 Indian 9 (3.4) 2 (1.2)  
 Others 3 (1.1) 1 (0.6) 0.45
Gender
 Male 161 (61.0) 94 (58.0)  
 Female 103 (39.0) 68 (42.9) 0.54
Housing type
 Public 206 (78.0) 135 (83.3)  
 Private 58 (22.0) 27 (16.7) 0.38
Degree of hearing loss (dB HL) (mean, SD)
  Poorer ear 59.8 (13.2) 60.6 (13.4) 0.54
  Better ear 52.0 (12.3) 53.7 (10.5) 0.16
Employment status of participants
 Retired 165 (62.5) 101 (62.0)  
 Employed (full-time/part-time) 89 (33.7) 55 (33.7)  
 Unemployed 10 (3.8) 7 (4.3) 0.96
Number of employed participants who were absent from work when visiting MHC 35 (39.3) 19 (34.5) 0.56
Number of participants who had caregiver during visit to MHC 74 (28.0) 53 (32.5) 0.30
Employment status of caregivers
 Employed 37 (50.0) 26 (49.1)  
 Retired 21 (28.4) 17 (32.1) 0.80
 Unemployed 10 (13.5) 8 (15.1)  
 Domestic helper 3 (4.1) 2 (3.8)  
 Others 3 (4.1) 0  
Number of participants who had visited healthcare institution due to hearing loss in the last three months 37 (14.0) 25 (15.3) 0.71
Mean number of visits for participants who had visited any healthcare institutions in the last three months 1.0 (0.16) 1.20 (0.5) 0.05
Number of employed participants who were absent from work when visiting healthcare institution 7 (18.9) 7 (28.0) 0.40
Mean number of days absent from work for participants who had visited any healthcare institutions 0.32 (0.9) 0.44 (0.8) 0.60
Number of participants with caregivers when visiting any healthcare institutions 7 (18.9) 9 (36.0) 0.13
No. of employed caregivers who were absent from work when visiting healthcare institution 0.6 (0.53) 0.6 (0.5) 0.95
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