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Table 5 Stakeholder involvement

From: Change and improvement 50 years in the making: a scoping review of the use of soft systems methodology in healthcare

  Number of studies %
Number of stakeholder groups involved
 0–3 13 26.5
 4–7 13 26.5
 8–11 10 20.4
 12–20 4 8.2
 Not clear/not stated 9 18.4
Categories of stakeholders involveda
 Healthcare professionals 35 71.4
 Healthcare managers 21 42.9
 Service users/representatives 14 28.6
 Policy makers/administrators 14 28.6
 Administrative/support staff 11 22.4
 Research and development staff 6 12.2
 Not clear/not reported 6 12.2
Stakeholder involvement category
 Category 1: Stakeholders involved in the SSM process 21 42.9
 Category 2: Stakeholders involved as informants and SSM process conducted by researchers 22 44.9
 Category 3: Not clear/not stated 5 10.2
 Category 4: No stakeholder involvement 1 2
  1. aPercentage exceeds 100 because many studies involved multiple stakeholder categories