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Table 2 Participants’ characteristics, preventive behaviors, and community participation

From: The “Healthy Akame!” community – government – university collaboration for health: a community-based participatory mixed-method approach to address health issue in rural Japan

Characteristic Frequency (%) Mean ± SD (range)
Age (years)   64.3 (20 to 93)
Sex
 Male 387 (50.0)  
 Female 381 (49.3)  
Educational background
 Elementary – Junior high school 85 (11.0)  
 High school 415 (53.7)  
 Vocational College/ University 250 (32.3)  
Employment status
 Employed 396 (51.2)  
 Unemployed 355 (45.9)  
Opinion on disease prevention
 Important 714 (92.3)  
 Not important 7 (0.9)  
 Do not know 53 (6.8)  
Preventive behaviors
 Exercise 369 (47.7)  
 Healthy diet 417 (53.9)  
 Vaccination 284 (36.7)  
 Medical check-up 451 (58.3)  
 Not smoking 455 (58.9)  
 Not drinking alcohol 261 (33.8)  
 Others 38 (4.9)  
Barriers to healthy lifestyle/ disease prevention
 Lack of time 138 (17.8)  
 Lack of willingness 106 (13.7)  
 No companion 45 (5.8)  
 Lack of facility 66 (8.5)  
 Do not how to start/ what to do 84 (10.9)  
 Others 21 (2.7)  
 Participation in community activities 89 (11.5)  
 Frequent 119 (15.4)  
 Seldom 430 (55.6)  
Rarely/ never
 Community identity   64.3 ± 19.1
 Feel common bond to community   17.5 ± 5.3
 Feel common identity to community   16.4 ± 5.5
 Commitment to community   13.9 ± 4.4
Willingness to attend community health program
 Yes 351 (45.4)  
 No 328 (42.4)  
 Not sure 95 (12.2)