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Table 3 Comparing health care utilization and expenditure across socio-demographic groups

From: Comparison of health care utilization among patients affiliated and not affiliated with healthcare professionals in China

Variables Outpatient visit
(%)
Inpatient visit
(%)
Outpatient expenditure
(CNY), mean (S.D.)
Inpatient expenditure
(CNY), mean (S.D.)
Not affiliated Affiliated Not affiliated Affiliated Affiliated Not affiliated Affiliated Not affiliated
Gender
 Female 5.3 4.8 6.5 6.6 1900 (8286) 421 (636) 12,588 (30427) 13,464 (29970)
 Male 4.2 4.6 5.1 5.5 2196 (6875) 552 (595) 13,976 (27846) 17,765 (29886)
P-value a, b < 0.001 0.932 < 0.001 0.505 0.533   0.521   0.399   0.626  
Education
 Illiteracy 6.4 6.0 7.9 9.3 1546 (6487) 547 (845) 12,809 (32741) 10,531 (21576)
 Primary school 4.2 6.7 5.3 6.7 2593 (8408) 565 (458) 13,149 (25734) 19,000 (32797)
 Middle school 3.7 3.6 4.5 7.1 1631 (4930) 140 (198) 13,711 (24162) 20,900 (39989)
 High school and above 2.9 3.5 2.9 3.1 3481 (13552) 603 (778) 15,330 (27865) 6738 (4037)
P-value < 0.001 0.294 < 0.001 0.060 0.066   0.382   0.895   0.646  
Age
 < 60 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.8 1886 (6980) 439 (619) 12,486 (22571) 14,679.5 (27806)
 > =60 6.1 6.7 9.8 9.0 2855 (11250) 698 (582) 17,570 (48419) 19,912.5 (40800)
P-value 0.001 0.379 < 0.001 0.232 0.143   0.349   0.015   0.657  
Health
 Fair/Unhealthy 9.1 10.0 11.2 10.7 2243 (8115) 545 (670) 14,971 (33168) 19,768 (37726)
 Healthy 2.1 2.1 2.5 3.7 1440 (6484) 338 (460) 8206 (13161) 8940 (9297)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.129   0.339   < 0.001   0.217  
Insurance
 No 5.1 5.5 6.6 6.2 2023 (7365) 488 (599) 13,357 (30247) 17,583 (33547)
 Yes 5.2 3.1 5.1 7.3 2653 (12229) 380 (539) 15,737 (26064) 7000 (4637)
P-value 0.880 0.338 0.034 0.674 0.520   0.767   0.532   0.490  
Urban
 Rural 5.2 5.2 6.2 6.2 1642 (6651) 566 (633) 12,007 (30256) 12,172 (18667)
 Urban 4.0 4.4 5.2 6.0 2823 (9512) 416 (605) 15,489 (27396) 17,107 (34859)
P-value < 0.001 0.590 0.001 0.904 0.018   0.465   0.043   0.583  
  1. aChi-2 test was used for dummy variable.
  2. bUnivariate ANOVAs was employed for continuous variables
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