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Table 4 Multivariate analyses of CD4 counts and viral control over 36 months among newly enrolled KPNC members with HIV

From: Health care utilization and HIV clinical outcomes among newly enrolled patients following Affordable Care Act implementation in a California integrated health system: a longitudinal study

CD4 Count Coefficient (95% CI) P
Time (Reference = 0–6 months)
 6–12 months 28.97 (1.48, 2.89) <.01
 12–18 months 46.8 (1.49, 3.29) <.01
 18–24 months 63.21 (1.73, 3.91) <.01
 24–30 months 69.54 (1.93, 4.63) <.01
 30–36 months 93.68 (2.01, 5.42) <.01
Gender (Reference = Male) 14.3 (0.27, 1.02) 0.76
Race/Ethnicity (Reference = White)
 Asian −1.22 (0.45, 2.06) <.01
 Black −62.62 (0.21, 0.58) 0.05
 Hispanic −79.72 (0.29, 0.85) <.01
 Other 48.12 (0.08, 1.56) 0.62
Age (at enrollment) −2.13 (1.00, 1.04) 0.03
Deductible level (Reference = none)a
 Low deductible −14.62 (0.36, 1.11) 0.33
 High deductible 13.36 (0.42, 1.00) 0.36
Exchange (Reference = not through exchange)b 15.28 (0.54, 1.42) 0.27
AIDS Drug Assistance Program (Reference = none) 27.37 (1.32, 3.66) 0.26
HIV RNA level < 75 Copies/mL OR (95% CI) P
Time (Reference = 0–6 months)
 6–12 months 2.06 (1.48, 2.89) <.01
 12–18 months 2.22 (1.49, 3.29) <.01
 18–24 months 2.6 (1.73, 3.91) <.01
 24–30 months 2.99 (1.93, 4.63) <.01
 30–36 months 3.3 (2.01, 5.42) <.01
Gender (Reference = Male) 0.52 (0.27, 1.02) 0.06
Race/Ethnicity (Reference = White)
 Asian 0.97 (0.45, 2.06) 0.93
 Black 0.35 (0.21, 0.58) <.01
 Hispanic 0.5 (0.29, 0.85) 0.01
 Other 0.36 (0.08, 1.56) 0.17
Age (at enrollment) 1.02 (1.00, 1.04) 0.04
Deductible level (Reference = none)a
 Low deductible 0.63 (0.36, 1.11) 0.11
 High deductible 0.65 (0.42, 1.00) 0.05
Exchange (Reference = not through exchange)b 0.88 (0.54, 1.42) 0.59
AIDS Drug Assistance Program (Reference = none) 2.2 (1.32, 3.66) 0.01
  1. KPNC Kaiser Permanente Northern California, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. aLow deductible = $1 to 999; high deductible = $1000+ (comparison = no deductible)
  3. bCalifornia Insurance Exchange vs. other mechanisms