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Table 1 Examples of coding strategy

From: Otago exercise programme—from evidence to practice: a qualitative study of physiotherapists’ perceptions of the importance of organisational factors of leadership, context and culture for knowledge translation in Norway

Quotation Initial code Main theme Overarching theme
Leadership is about influencing this context: these understandings, these ideas, norms, and what the desires should be. The leader’s tasks and their meanings Multifactor leadership—the importance of reinforcement, knowledge, goals and attention The empowering leader as an anchor for successful KT, representing physiotherapists’ and leaders’ views about the role of organisational structure, leadership, culture, financial resources and competence in research-based knowledge, as well as how to enhance the clinical staff’s expertise in using research-based knowledge.
The organisational culture must be characterised by a positive attitude towards quality improvements and quality work, show a willingness to risk and have tolerance for different perceptions, uncertainties, and mistakes, and encourage critical testing. Organisational culture and willingness to take risks Potential for change in professional roles, as shaped by culture, context and type of practice
I think the will is there; but little time and poor economy mean that there is a lack of time to acquire new research, time for additional education, as well as skills enhancement, time to read research, learn to do literature search and interpret the results, as well as (provide) administrative and financial support for implementing changes based on research results. Conflict between clinical practice and professional development Knowledge translation—the tension between real-life capabilities, optimism and learning  
In this field, one must also think about what is needed (for) behaviour change. Then it may be nice to take the starting point in behavioural change theories. What (does) it take to change behaviour? I don’t remember all the theories, but one of them is linked to (the) social cognitive theory of Bandura. Behaviour change Different types of support—environmental resources and social influences of importance for regarding successful KT in fall prevention in the community