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Table 2 Precautionary measures taken by dental hygienists who continued to work after the outbreak of COVID-19

From: COVID-19 pandemic and dental hygienists in Italy: a questionnaire survey

  Item n (%)
Before patient arrival Phone Triage 1371 (64.60)
Spaced appointments as not saturate the waiting room 1078 (58.80)
Deferring therapies in elderly patients, or with systemic diseases 800 (37.70)
Detecting body temperature of all co-workers and leave those with a temperature above 37.5°C. 239 (11.26)
In the waiting room Disinfection of push buttons, POS, chairs, several times a day 1335 (62.91)
Disinfection of the handles several times a day 1420 (66.92)
Verify the patient's current health status on access 1398 (65.88)
Detecting the patient's body temperature 281 (13.24)
Washing the patient's hands 1391 (65.55)
Space of at least one meter between patients 1198 (56.46)
Mask for the patient 348 (16.40)
Frequent ventilation of waiting rooms 1643 (77.43)
Removal of magazines and books from the waiting area 1275 (60.08)
Storage of coats, bags and other items outside the operating area 808 (38.08)
In the operating room Pre-operative rinse with mouthwash containing 1% hydrogen peroxide 378 (17.81)
Pre-operative rinse with mouthwash containing chlorhexidine 0.12-0.2% 1468 (69.18)
Pre-operative rinse with mouthwash containing 0.2-1% iodopovidone 126 (5.94)
Pre-operative rinse with mouthwash containing alcohol and essential oils 49 (2.31)
Pre-operative rinse with mouthwash with Cetylpyridinium chloride at 0.05-0.10% 65 (3.06)
Rinse with diluted mouthwash 55 (2.59)
Ventilation of the operating area for at least 10 minutes after each patient 1506 (70.97)
Disinfection of surfaces with 70% ethyl alcohol 680 (32.05)
Disinfection of surfaces with 0.5% sodium hypochlorite 274 (12.91)
Disinfection of surfaces with usual disinfectant with others active ingredients 1313 (61.88)
Washing operators' hands before and after each procedure 1854 (87.37)
Removal of all disposable protective devices and disinfection of devices 1573 (74.13)