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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants with comparison between those who did/didn’t report risk of financial hardship

From: Assessing and coping with the financial burden of computed tomography utilization in Limbe, Cameroon: a sequential explanatory mixed-methods study

Variables Frequency (%) P value*
Age group (years; N = 344)   0.088
 18–24 21 (5.7)  
 25–34 51 (13.7)  
 35–44 55 (14.8)  
 45–54 76 (20.4)  
 55–64 55 (14.8)  
 > 65 114 (30.6)  
Sex (N = 372)   0.069
 Female 167 (44.9)  
 Male 205 (55.1)  
Marital status (N = 372)   0.277
 Married 232 (62.7)  
 Single 83 (22.3)  
 Widow(er) 42 (11.3)  
 Divorced 11 (3.0)  
 Living in union 4 (1.1)  
Educational achievement (N = 347)   < 0.001
 < O level 158 (45.5)  
 O level or equivalent 61 (17.6)  
 A level or equivalent 64 (18.4)  
 Degree or equivalent 45 (13.0)  
 Master & above 19 (5.5)  
Employment status (N = 294)   0.001
 Employed, with contract 82 (27.9)  
 Employed, with no contract 2 (0.7)  
 Self-employed 115 (39.1)  
 Unemployed 12 (4.1)  
 Retired 83 (28.2)  
Socioeconomic status quintiles (N = 370) from the lowest (1) to the highest (5)   < 0.001
 SES quintile 1 74 (20.0)  
 SES quintile 2 75 (20.3)  
 SES quintile 3 75 (20.3)  
 SES quintile 4 79 (21.4)  
 SES quintile 5 67 (18.1)  
Health insurance ownership (N = 370)   < 0.001
 Yes 38 (10.3)  
 No 332 (89.7)  
Number of deponents (N = 272)   0.425
 0 to 3 117 (43.0)  
 4 to 6 97 (35.7)  
 7 and above 58 (21.4)  
Presence of chronic illnesses (N = 369)   0.232
 Yesa 130 (35.2)  
 No 239 (64.8)  
  1. *P values obtained using Fisher’s exact and χ2 tests
  2. a Included in this category are hypertension, diabetes, peptic ulcer disease, cancer, chronic kidney disease, hyperprolactinemia