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Table 1 Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Medicare Beneficiaries by Self-Reported Sensory Impairment

From: Accompaniment to healthcare visits: the impact of sensory impairment

   Self-Reported Sensory Impairment
No Sensory Impairment Hearing Impairment Vision Impairment Dual Sensory Impairment
Variable N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Unadjusted sample
 (N = 10,748) 9524 (88.61%) 668 (6.22%) 435 (4.05%) 121 (1.13%)
Weighted sample (In Millions)
 (N = 46.03) 41.42 (89.99%) 2.54 (5.52%) 1.64 (3.56%) 0.43 (0.93%)
Age (years)
 64 and younger 6.20 (14.98%) 0.39 (15.27%) 0.49 (29.88%) 0.081 (18.98%)
 65–74 21.41 (51.69%) 1.00 (39.5%) 0.56 (34.16%) 0.09 (21.17%)
 75 and older 13.80 (33.33%) 1.15 (45.23%) 0.59 (35.96%) 0.26 (59.85%)
Gender
 Female 23.11 (55.79%) 1.13 (44.4%) 1.02 (62.28%) 0.23 (53.72%)
Race
 Non-Hispanic White 31.28 (75.51%) 2.05 (80.48%) 1.00 (61.1%) 0.31 (71.69%)
 Non-Hispanic Black 3.89 (9.38%) 0.13 (4.98%) 0.22 (13.72%) 0.02 (4.94%)
 Hispanic 3.47 (8.38%) 0.17 (6.78%) 0.25 (15.38%) 0.04 (9.68%)
 Other 2.79 (6.73%) 0.20 (7.77%) 0.16 (9.79%) 0.06 (13.68%)
Educational attainment
 Less than 9th grade 6.16 (14.87%) 0.60 (23.64%) 0.45 (27.72%) 0.17 (39.03%)
 High school or vocational degree 14.42 (34.82%) 1.00 (39.37%) 0.72 (43.46%) 0.15 (34.04%)
More than high school 20.84 (50.30%) 0.94 (36.99%) 0.47 (28.82%) 0.12 (26.93%)
Income
 Less than $25,000 15.22 (36.74%) 1.10 (43.35%) 0.96 (58.52%) 0.30 (71.06%)
Marital Status
 Married 23.07 (55.71%) 1.35 (53.02%) 0.72 (43.99%) 0.13 (30.40%)
Difficulty walking ¼ mile
 No difficulty 23.75 (57.33%) 0.86 (33.67%) 0.39 (24.09%) 0.06 (13.80%)
 Little difficulty 4.48 (10.82%) 0.23 (8.97%) 0.13 (8.05%) 0.03 (7.72%)
 Some difficulty 4.32 (10.43%) 0.41 (16.21%) 0.27 (16.23%) 0.08 (19.10%)
 A lot of difficulty 3.42 (8.26%) 0.38 (14.77%) 0.25 (15.51%) 0.07 (15.67%)
 Unable to do it 5.45 (13.16%) 0.67 (26.39%) 0.59 (36.12%) 0.19 (43.70%)
General health
 Excellent 7.46 (18%) 0.20 (7.93%) 0.10 (6.01%) 0.02 (5.66%)
 Very good 12.61 (30.45%) 0.56 (22.18%) 0.24 (14.49%) 0.04 (10.34%)
 Good 1.23 (29.66%) 0.81 (31.74%) 0.38 (22.95%) 0.13 (31.47%)
 Fair 6.59 (15.91%) 0.66 (26%) 0.53 (32.57%) 0.14 (33.22%)
 Poor 2.47 (5.97%) 0.31 (12.16%) 0.39 (23.98%) 0.08 (19.31%)
Medicare Medicaid dual eligibility
 Non dual 34.79 (83.99%) 2.04 (80.38%) 1.05 (64.02%) 0.29 (67.42%)
 Full dual 4.33 (10.45%) 0.29 (11.44%) 0.44 (26.57%) 0.09 (21.12%)
 Partial dual 1.31 (3.15%) 0.13 (5.29%) 0.06 (3.82%) 0.02 (5.76%)
 QMB dual 1.00 (2.41%) 0.07 (2.89%) 0.09 (5.58%) 0.02 (5.70%)
Depression
 Diagnosed 11.55 (27.89%) 0.89 (34.98%) 0.79 (48.07%) 0.21 (48.56%)
Does someone accompany to doc office
 Yes 13.50 (32.59%) 1.11 (43.46%) 1.07 (65.52%) 0.31 (72.11%)