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Table 3 Health resources use for each year per patient

From: Costs and healthcare utilisation of patients with heart failure in Spain

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  mean SD mean SD mean SD mean SD mean SD
Primary care visits, mean (SD) 12.7 15.0 10.9 14.2 9.6 13.9 8.8 14.3 7.7 13.0
Laboratory requests, mean (SD) 0.6 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.7 1.6 1.0 2.1
Radiology and other tests, mean (SD) 0.6 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.7 1.6 1.0 2.2
Specialized visits, mean (SD) 2.1 4.2 1.3 4.9 1.1 4.8 1.2 4.9 1.1 4.8
Emergency rooms visits, mean (SD) 0.8 2.5 0.7 3.3 0.7 3.1 0.5 2.3 0.5 3.3
Hospitalization
 Days, mean (SD) 5.9 10.8 5.0 10.5 4.7 10.0 4.1 10.3 4.5 10.3
 Hospitalized patients, n (%) 5399 (31.5) 4557 (26.6) 4227 (24.6) 3628 (21.1) 3923 (22.9)
 Days for hospitalized patients due to heart failure only, mean (SD) 8.3 10.7 7.7 10.6 7.5 10.1 6.9 10.1 7.2 10.2
 Frequency of hospitalization, n (%)
 0 11,764 (68.5) 12,606 (73.5) 12,936 (75.4) 13,535 (78.9) 13,240 (77.1)
 1 4243 (24.7) 3565 (20.8) 3225 (18.8) 2780 (16.2) 2914 (17.0)
 2 1001 (5.8) 855 (5.0) 867 (5.1) 724 (4.2) 850 (5.0)
 3+ 156 (0.9) 137 (0.8) 137 (0.8) 124 (0.7) 160 (0.9)
Disability
 Days of disability, mean (SD) 0.4 5.9 0.4 6.0 0.6 10.9 0.4 5.7 0.4 5.1
 Patients with disability, n (%) 158 (0.9) 132 (0.8) 134 (0.8) 140 (0.8) 190 (1.1)
 Average days of sick leave (disability only), mean (SD) 43.8 43.5 47.4 49.5 77.2 96.9 50.5 38.5 36.7 32.6
Mortality, n (%) 1608 (9.4) 1259 (7.3) 927 (5.4) 893 (5.2) 839 (4.9)
  1. All years calculated with 17.163 patients