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Table 1 Characteristics of CPGs

From: Are clinical practice guidelines for low back pain interventions of high quality and updated? A systematic review using the AGREE II instrument

Clinical Practice Guideline Publication year Country Status Topic Publication dates of systematic search strategy
American College of Physician (ACP) [35] 2017 USA Update Educational / behavioural, physical therapy, pharmaceutics 2008–2015
American Imaging Management (AIM) Specialty Health [36] 2019 USA Update Surgery Not reported
American Osteopathic Association (AOA) [37] 2016 USA Update Physical therapy 2003–2014
American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) [38] 2019 USA New Pharmaceutics Not reported
Brazilian Medical Association (BMA) [39] 2018 Brazil New Educational / behavioural Not reported
China Association of Acupuncture-Moxibustion (CAAM) [40] 2016 China New Alternative medicine Not reported
Canadian Chiropractic Guideline Initiative (CCGI) [41] 2018 Canada New Educational / behavioural, physical therapy 2015–2017
Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) [42] 2016 USA Adoptiona Physical therapy 2009–2014
Change Pain Latin America (CPLA) [43] 2018 Latin America Adoptionb Physical therapy, pharmaceutics 2004–2014
Dutch Society of Anesthesiologists (DSA) [44] 2016 Netherlands New Surgery 1990–2011
Global Spine Care Initiative (GSCI) [45] 2018 International New Surgery Not reported
Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) [46] 2018 USA Update Educational / behavioural, physical therapy, pharmaceutics 2000–2017
Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre (KCE) [47] 2017 Belgium Adoptionc Educational / behavioural, physical therapy, pharmaceutics, surgery 2010–2015
Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM) [48] 2017 Korea New Physical therapy, pharmaceutics, alternative medicine start date not reported - 2015
Korean Society of Spine Surgery (KSSS) [49] 2017 Korea Adoptiond Educational / behavioural, physical therapy, pharmaceutics 2000–2016
Labor & Industries (L&I), Washington State [50] 2016 USA Update Surgery Not reported
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) [51] 2016 UK Update Educational / behavioural, physical therapy, pharmaceutics, surgery 2013–2015
Polish Society of Physiotherapy (PSP) [52] 2017 Poland New Physical therapy Not reported
Polish Spine Surgery Society (PSSS) [53] 2016 Poland New Surgery Not reported
Toward Optimized Practice (TOP) Low Back Pain Working Group [54]. 2017 USA Update Educational / behavioural, physical therapy, pharmaceutics, surgery 2010–2014
Veterans Affairs/Department of Defense (VADoD) Collaboration Office [55] 2017 USA Update Educational / behavioural, physical therapy, pharmaceutics 2006–2016
  1. aThree evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the surgical and interventional management of persistent and disabling spine disorders were selected by consensus (Globe et al. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2008; Baker et al. Top Integr Health Care, 2012; Farabaugh RJ, J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2010)
  2. bEleven evidence-based clinical practice guidelines were selected according to the field of interest. Table 4 of original publication contains all references
  3. cOne evidence-based clinical practice guidelines was selected (de Campos, NICE 2016);
  4. dThree evidence-based clinical practice guidelines were selected according to the field of interest (Dagenais et al. Spine J 2010; Koes et al. Eur Spine J 2010; Chou et al. Ann Intern Med 200)
  5. Note: For full details of CPG see Supplement Digital Content 3