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Table 1 Patient characteristics and administrative data by transfer to different care levels

From: Associations between characteristics of the patients at municipal acute bed unit admission and further transfer to hospital: a prospective observational study

  Transferred to care level
Total Home Nursing home Hospital P-value
N N %   n %   n %  
Total 2744 1812 66.0   286 10.4   646 23.6   
Gender            0.001
 Male 954 607 63.6   85 8.9   262 27.5   
 Female 1790 1205 67.3   201 11.2   384 21.5   
Number of comorbidities (n = 2712)            < 0.001
 0 900 671 74.5   41 4.6   188 20.9   
 1 883 580 65.7   84 9.5   219 24.8   
 2 609 358 58.8   85 13.9   166 27.3   
 3+ 320 182 56.8   70 21.9   68 21.3   
Reason for stay (n = 2743)            < 0.001
 Musculoskeletal symptoms 1022 643 62.9   160 15.7   219 21.4   
 Observation 667 477 71.5   53 8.0   137 20.5   
 Infection 535 362 67.7   29 5.4   144 26.9   
 Dehydration 128 85 66.4   10 7.8   33 25.8   
 Psychiatric symptoms 93 43 46.2   7 7.6   43 46.2   
 Constipation 86 62 72.1   5 5.8   19 22.1   
 Social causes 83 48 57.8   17 20.5   18 21.7   
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 82 56 68.3   2 2.4   24 29.3   
 Diabetes mellitus 33 28 84.8   0 0.0   5 15.2   
 Substance abuse 14 8 57.1   2 14.3   4 28.6   
Workplace of referring physician            0.312
 Emergency primary health care clinic 2464 1614 65.5   262 10.6   588 23.9   
 General Practice 185 127 68.7   15 8.1   43 23.2   
 Hospital 77 60 77.9   7 9.1   10 13.0   
 Other 18 11 61.1   2 11.1   5 27.8   
Length of stay            < 0.001
 Shorter than 1 day 1110 639 57.6   37 3.3   434 39.1   
 1–3 days 1053 796 75.6   106 10.1   151 14.3   
 Longer than 3 days 581 377 64.9   143 24.6   61 10.5   
Judged appropriateness of care level            < 0.001
 Appropriate 2507 1747 69.7   263 10.5   497 19.8   
 Needed other care at community level 82 54 65.9   22 26.8   6 7.3   
 Needed hospital admission 155 11 7.1   1 0.6   143 92.3   
  Mean Mean SD 95% CI Mean SD 95% CI Mean SD 95% CI  
Age 69.5 67.0 22.6 65.9–68.0 83.1 11.7 81.7–84.4 70.6 20.9 69.0–72.2 < 0.001
Number of regular medications 5.1 4.7 4.1 4.5–4.9 6.7 3.8 6.3–7.2 5.3 4.2 5.0–5.7 < 0.001