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Table 4 Providers’ knowledge toward risk factors and preventive interventions of pre-eclampsia, by provider type, facility type and ownership

From: Health facility readiness and provider knowledge as correlates of adequate diagnosis and management of pre-eclampsia in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Percentage of providers who mentioned the following: Midwives Physicians All (n = 197)
PHCs (n = 66) Hospitals (n = 56) p-value PHCs (n = 24) Hospitals (n = 51) p-value
Risk factors for pre-eclampsia
 Chronic hypertension 36.4 35.7 0.94 41.7 64.7 0.06 44.2
 Primiparity 18.2 41.1 < 0.01 45.8 70.6 0.04 41.6
 Pre-eclampsia in previous pregnancy 15.2 32.1 0.03 54.2 49.0 0.68 33.5
 Family history of pre-eclampsia 12.1 30.4 0.02 29.2 54.9 0.04 30.5
 Diabetes mellitus 16.7 26.8 0.17 29.1 41.2 0.32 27.4
 Obesity or overweight 27.3 23.2 0.61 20.8 31.4 0.34 26.4
 Multiple pregnancy 9.1 26.8 0.01 33.3 41.7 0.48 24.3
 Maternal age 12.1 21.4 0.17 29.2 29.4 0.98 21.3
 Chronic renal disease 4.6 5.4 0.58* 12.5 19.6 0.34* 9.6
 Autoimmune disease 0 1.8 0.46* 0 5.9 0.31* 2.3
Preventive intervention of pre-eclampsia
 Low-salt diet 71.2 67.9 0.69 58.3 47.1 0.36 62.4
 Physical activity 24.2 21.4 0.71 25.0 5.9 0.03* 18.8
 Low-dose aspirin 3.0 8.9 0.16* 20.8 31.4 0.34 14.2
 Calcium 3.1 3.6 0.87 8.3 15.7 0.38 7.1
Knowledge score about prevention of pre-eclampsia
 Median (IQR) 1 (0 to 2) 2 (1 to 4) 0.01 3 (2 to 5) 4 (2 to 6) 0.16 2 (1 to 4)
  1. PHCs Primary health centres
  2. *Fisher exact test