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Table 3 Data collection activities in each stage of the study

From: A protocol study of participatory action research: integrated care pathway for pregnant women with heart disease in Indonesia

Stages Outcome Data collection activities Instrument Variable Participant
Diagnostic stage
 Determine local context of existing IPCP in maternal referral services for pregnancy with heart diseases Policy factors
Organizational factors
Team factors
Individual factors
Medical record review (obstetric cases in 2017) Collecting document form Existing referral system and IPCP Medical record
In-depth interviews and Focus group discussions (FGDs) Interview and FGD guideline
Audio recording
Contributing factor in IPCP implementation Heads of obstetrics and gynaecology, and cardiology
Person in charge (PIC) of maternal referral from each health care facility. Patients
Planning stage
 ICPs development Agreed ICPs Review of source   Principal investigator
  Consensus: Delphi method JEFFSATIC
Modified McMaster Ottawa Scale
Audio recording
Attitude and
Perception of IPCP on developing ICPs
Senior community obstetrician and cardiologist.
The liaison officers
The representatives of municipality health office.
The representatives of the BPJS
Senior health professionals
Implementation stage
 IPCP implementation Description of IPCP implementation using ICPs One day training of ICPs and IPCP implementation IPCP quiz JEFFSATIC
Audio-visual recording
Participant responses All health professionals, representative from the municipality health office, co-researchers and consultant who contribute in designing the model
Medical record review
Modified McMaster Ottawa Scale Collaborative Communication
Share leadership
conflict resolution
Team functioning
Role and responsibility
All health professionals who use the ICPs
Evaluating stage
 Evaluation and improvement of IPCPs implementation ICPs refinement In-depth interview Audio recording. Interview and FGD guideline Implementation outcome:
Implementation cost
All health professionals, co-researchers and patient/family who employ the ICP in patient management