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Table 1 Data availability, source and definition of outcome measure based on EUROSTAT

From: Time trends in the regional distribution of physicians, nurses and midwives in Europe

Country Geographic availability Availability over time Source Working status (P/LP/PA) and other specific information Included Exclusion reason
Austria
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Registry (head count) P X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2015 Hospital statistics working in hospitals only Only hospital nurses
Belgium
Physicians national, regional 2011–2017 Annual Report, Head count data P, excludes physicians in training, includes stomatologists, only accounts for physicians with minimum volume of patient contact1 X  
Nurses/midwives [Data under revision]     No data available
Bulgaria
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Exhaustive annual survey (head count) P, only with labour contract X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2015 Exhaustive annual survey (head count) P, only with NHS contract X  
Czech Republic
Physicians national, regional 2005–2013 Registry P, only employees on payroll included X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2015 Annual report (Institute of Health Information and Statistics) P, double counting for those working in two institutions. X  
Croatia
Physicians national, regional 2010–2017 Registry P, maxillofacial surgeons included (until 2008) X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2010–2015 Registry P X  
Denmark
Physicians national, regional 2007–2016 Registry P X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2007–2014 Registry P X  
Finland
Physicians national, regional 2005–2014 (national), 2011–2014 (3 of 5 regions) Registry LP (not retired), since 2009 estimations based on PA Incomplete times series
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2010–2011 Registry Includes nurses active in health care Incomplete times series
France
Physicians national, regional1 2005–2017 Registry P since 2011 and interns and residents are excluded; PA at regional level Deviating definition
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2016 Registry PA Deviating definition
Germany
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Registry P X  
Nurses/midwives national     No regional data
Greece
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Survey LP Deviating definition
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2015 Census Only working in hospitals. Only hospital nurses
Hungary
Physicians national, regional 2005–2016 Registry (Head count) P X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2006–2015 Report personnel of health service P X  
Italy
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Total survey & estimations Different definitions used Numbers obtained via survey and estimations Numbers obtained via survey and estimations
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2008–2016 Estimations based on registry (national); 2008–2010 Registry, 2011–2012 LFS, 2013 onwards estimations based on registry (regional)  
Netherlands
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Registry P X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2013 Until 2008 estimates, Registry and database (from 2014 onwards) P (since 2014, but no data available) Numbers obtained via estimations (until 2008) and deviating definition
Norway
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Registry Data from 2009 to 2012 covers physicians, nurses and midwives also within HP4 (professionals in ancillary services, i.e. mostly without direct patient contact) Deviating definition
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2015 Registry Deviating definition
Poland
Physicians national, regional 2005–2016 Ministries and Central Statistical Office Physicians working in prisons excluded X  
Nurses/midwives   2005–2015 Ministries and Central Statistical Office, based on headcounts Nurses working in prisons excluded X  
Portugal
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Registry (head count) LP Deviating definition
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2016 Registry PA Deviating definition
Romania
Physicians national, regional 2005–20172 Survey P (as of 2008), includes oral and maxillofacial surgeons X  
Nurses/midwives   2005–2015 Survey Not only practicing midwives (2009–2014), data on nurses refers to ancillary medical staff (2000–2009) Deviating definition
Slovakia
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Registry (national), Registry and Report (regional) P X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2009–2014 Annual report PA Deviating definition
Slovenia
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 Registry P X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2015 (no data for 2014) Registry P X  
Spain
Physicians national, regional 2005–2017 LFS (times series data not fully comparable) Odontologists and dentists included (regional level, until 2010/2011) Comparability over time restricted
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2015 LFS (times series data not fully comparable)   Comparability over time restricted
Sweden
Physicians national, regional 2005–2016 Registry (head count) P X  
Nurses/midwives national, regional 2005–2014 Registry P X  
Switzerland
Physicians national, regional 2007–2017 Yearly census P X  
Nurses/midwives national 2005–2015 Federal statistical office, Estimates until 2009 Midwives in ambulatory sector excluded Deviating definition
  1. Notes: LFS Labour Force Survey, P Practicing physicians, nurses, midwives, LP (physicians, nurses, midwives) licensed to practice, NHS National Health System, PA Professionally active physicians, nurses, midwives; HP OECD/EUROSTAT classification of Health Care Providers (HP1: hospitals, HP2:residential long-term care facilities, HP3: ambulatory care providers, HP4: ancillary care providers). 1 Data on health professionals in the five French overseas departments is only available for 2015–2016. 1 In Belgium, a minimum threshold of activities (500 consultations per year) is set for general practitioners to be considered to be practising, resulting in an under-estimation compared with other countries which do not set such a threshold (OECD Health at a Glance Europe 2018); 2 until 2007 physicians working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with patients could not be totally excluded
  2. Sources: [30] [26, 31];