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Table 2 Results from the analysis of covariance showing both univariate and multivariate associations for each outcome variable

From: Which factors are related to Finnish home care workers’ job satisfaction, stress, psychological distress and perceived quality of care? - a mixed method study

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Job satisfaction Stress Psychological distress Quality of Care
Univariate (F, p) Multivariate (F, p) Univariate (F, p) Multivariate (F, p) Univariate (F, p) Multivariate (F, p) Univariate (F, p) Multivariate (F, p)
Working alone 3.28,* 0.02, ns 3.41, * 0.11, ns 5.11, ** 5.64, * 1.16, ns
Interruptions 6.66,** 15.01, ** 6.76, ** 7.10, ** 6.12, ** 3.66, ns 2.64, * 1.88, ns
Time pressure 3.29, ** 2.16, ns 4.10, ** 6.69, * 4.36, ** 9.84, ** 1.48, ns
Relational justice 3.13,** 2.97, ns 2.50, ** 1.03, ns 3.63, ** 5.29, * 1.38, ns
Skill discretion 0.33, ns 0.81, ns 0.25, ns 1.49, ns
Autonomy 2.58,* 10.01, ** 1.46, ns 2.97, * 0.94, ns 1.31, ns
Participative safety 2.62,** 3.42, ns 1.30, ns 1.18, ns 5.22, ** 21.35, **
Shared goals 2.75, ** 1.71, ns 1.63, ns 0.73, ns 4.49, ** 4.39, *
Social support 6.27, ** 0.47, ns 3.70, ** 0.20, ns 4.18, ** 0.20, ns 5.83, ** 0.34, ns
Support for innovation 3.38, ** 0.08, ns 2.05, * 0.11, ns 2.38, ** 1.15, ns 4.47, ** 0.47, ns
Idea implementation 3.07, ** 10.97, ** 2.19, * 7.08, ** 1.48, ns 6.25, ** 16.72, **
   Adjusted R2 .34   Adjusted R2 .31   Adjusted R2 .29   Adjusted R2 .46
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. **p < 0.01
  3. … Not tested in the final model due to non-significant univariate association