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Table 2 Personality characteristics in sample and norm data

From: Representativeness of personality and involvement preferences in a web-based survey on healthcare decision-making

  Sample Group a
US/UK/CA/AU/NZ
(mean (SD))
P-value Group b
DE/NL/ CH BE-FL (mean (SD))
P-value Group c
NO/SE/FI/DK
(mean (SD))
P-value
N 6756 1512   1136   1313  
BFI Factors
 Agreeableness 4.68 (1.22) 4.61 (1.33) 0.095 4.80 (1.41) 0.040 4.43 (1.47) 0.006
 Conscientiousness 4.18 (1.33) 3.49 (1.23) < 0.001 3.57 (1.25) < 0.001 3.26 (1.43) < 0.001
 Extraversion 4.71 (1.68) 5.62 (1.68) < 0.001 5.23 (1.57) < 0.001 4.41 (1.99) < 0.001
 Neuroticism 7.32 (1.59) 7.36 (1.67) 0.578 7.24 (1.58) 0.008 7.94 (1.87) < 0.001
 Openness 6.13 (1.65) 5.24 (1.33) < 0.001 5.67 (1.30) < 0.001 5.72 (1.40) < 0.001
How well do the following statements describe your personality?
- is reserved (1) 3.51 (1.04) 2.67 (1.10) < 0.001 2.94 (1.09) < 0.001 3.74 (1.27) < 0.001
- is generally trusting (2) 2.01 (0.66) 1.91 (0.76) < 0.001 2.30 (0.93) < 0.001 1.73 (0.80) < 0.001
 -tends to be lazy (3) 3.86 (0.95) 4.13 (0.94) < 0.001 4.07 (0.98) < 0.001 4.15 (1.19) < 0.001
-is relaxed, handles stress well (4) 2.32 (0.89) 2.30 (0.97) 0.472 2.41 (0.94) < 0.001 2.11 (1.03) < 0.001
-has few artistic interests (5) 2.96 (1.15) 2.77 (1.15) < 0.001 2.64 (1.16) < 0.001 2.26 (1.28) < 0.001
-is outgoing, sociable (6) 2.22 (0.93) 2.28 (0.98) 0.077 2.17 (0.85) 0.574 2.15 (1.06) 0.034
-tends to find fault with others (7) 3.33 (0.94) 3.31 (0.98) 0.651 3.50 (0.95) < 0.001 3.29 (1.18) 0.407
-does a thorough job (8) 2.04 (0.71) 1.62 (0.58) < 0.001 1.64 (0.60) < 0.001 1.40 (0.61) < 0.001
-gets nervous easily (9) 3.63 (0.97) 3.65 (1.06) 0.345 3.65 (0.99) 0.884 4.06 (1.19) < 0.001
-has an active imagination (10) 3.10 (1.09) 2.00 (0.85) < 0.001 2.32 (0.92) < 0.001 1.95 (0.93) < 0.001