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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population of 300 residents of two communities in rural western Kenya, 2018–2019

From: The relationship between a microfinance-based healthcare delivery platform, health insurance coverage, health screenings, and disease management in rural Western Kenya

   Microfinance group membershipa  
  Total
N = 300
Yes
N = 100
No
N = 200
P*
Socio-demographic characteristics
  N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Gender     < 0.0001
  Male 112 (37.3) 19 (19.0) 93 (46.5)  
  Female 188 (62.7) 81 (81.0) 107 (46.5)  
Age     0.0006
   < 20 24 (8.0) 1 (1.0) 23 (11.5)  
  20–29 51 (17.0) 11 (11.0) 40 (20.0)  
  30–39 68 (22.7) 32 (32.0) 36 (18.0)  
  40–49 76 (25.3) 30 (30.0) 46 (23.0)  
  50+ 81 (27.0) 26 (26.0) 55 (27.5)  
Marital status     < 0.0001
  Never married 45 (15.1) 1 (1.0) 44 (22.1)  
  Currently married 219 (73.2) 84 (84.0) 135 (67.8)  
  Divorced/separated 35 (11.7) 15 (15.0) 20 (10.1)  
  Missing 1 0 1  
Education     0.2
  None/ Some primary 92 (30.7) 31 (31.0) 61 (30.5)  
  Primary 116 (38.7) 45 (45.0) 71 (35.5)  
  Secondary 69 (23.0) 20 (20.0) 49 (24.5)  
  Post-secondary 23 (7.7) 4 (4.0) 19 (9.5)  
Work outside home (last 30 days)     0.4
  Yes 59 (19.7) 17 (17.0) 42 (21.1)  
  No 240 (80.3) 83 (83.0) 157 (78.9)  
  Missing 1 0 1  
Household asset quartileb     0.7
  Q1 70 (25.6) 21 (23.6) 49 (26.5)  
  Q2 70 (25.6) 27 (30.3) 43 (23.2)  
  Q3 61 (22.3) 19 (21.4) 32 (22.7)  
  Q4 73 (26.6) 22 (24.7) 51 (27.6)  
  Missing 26 11 15  
Current NHIF coverage     0.2
  Yes 33 (11.0) 14 (14.1) 19 (9.5)  
  No 266 (89.0) 85 (85.9) 181 (90.5)  
  Missing 1 1 0  
Household size [Mean (SD)] 5.0 (2.27) 5.2 (2.37) 4.8 (2.21) 0.2
Health screening characteristics
HIV screening     < 0.0001
  Yes 252 (84.0) 96 (96.0) 156 (78.0)  
  No 48 (16.0) 4 (4.0) 44 (22.0)  
Diabetes screening     < 0.0001
  Yes 124 (41.3) 77 (77.0) 47 (23.5)  
  No 176 (58.7) 23 (23.0) 153 (76.5)  
Hypertension screening     < 0.0001
  Yes 191 (63.7) 96 (96.0) 95 (47.5)  
  No 109 (36.3) 4 (4.0) 105 (52.5)  
Tuberculosis screening     0.0001
  Yes 31 (10.3) 20 (20.0) 11 (5.5)  
  No 269 (89.7) 80 (80.0) 189 (94.5)  
Cervical cancer screening     0.005
  Yes 36 (19.2) 23 (28.4) 13 (12.2)  
  No 152 (80.9) 58 (71.6) 94 (87.9)  
Disease management outcomes, among those who report HIV, diabetes, or hypertension diagnoses (n = 32)
Medical visit in last 6 months     0.1
  Yes 23 (71.9) 10 (90.9) 13 (61.9)  
  No 9 (28.1) 1 (9.1) 8 (38.1)  
Currently taking medication     0.1
  Yes 17 (53.1) 8 (72.7) 9 (42.9)  
  No 15 (46.9) 3 (27.3) 12 (57.1)  
  1. *p-value reported for chi-square test for categorical variables and t-test for continuous variables. P-values calculated among observations with non-missing values
  2. aMember of BIGPIC Family microfinance group for at least 6 months prior to interview
  3. bMeasured by adding up the self-reported value (at time of purchase) of 20 key items in participant’s household