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Table 2 Health insurance and health workforce before and after China’s health system reform

From: Synergy of policies to strengthen primary care: evidence from a national repeated cross-sectional study

   2008    2013  
  Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total
Health insurance
 health insurance coverage (%) 66.20 91.90 87.10 91.60 97.30 95.20
 ARR at PHC institutions, Mean ± SD 0.52
(0.34, 0.71)
0.47
(0.25, 0.69)
0.48
(0.26, 0.71)
0.64
(0.41, 0.86)
0.66
(0.44, 0.89)
0.64
(0.42, 0.86)
 ARR at county hospitals, Mean ± SD 0.45
(0.34, 0.56)
0.35
(0.24, 0.46)
0.40
(0.27, 0.53)
0.58
(0.49, 0.67)
0.48
(0.40, 0.55)
0.52
(0.44, 0.60)
 ARR at higher level hospitals, Mean ± SD 0.45
(0.27, 0.63)
0.45
(0.27, 0.63)
0.57
(0.41, 0.74)
0.57
(0.41, 0.75)
Health workforce
 Physicians density at PHCs, Mean ± SD 0.46
(0.42–0.50)
0.39
(0.35–0.43)
0.41
(0.36–0.46)
0.56
(0.51–0.61)
0.37
(0.34–0.40)
0.44
(0.40–0.48)
 Physicians density at county hospitals, Mean ± SD 1.96
(1.89–2.03)
0.55
(0.51–0.59)
0.74
(0.68–0.80)
2.62
(2.49–2.75)
0.80
(0.76–0.84)
1.47
(1.43–1.51)
 Physicians density at higher level hospitals, Mean ± SD 3.68
(2.56, 4.80)
3.68
(2.56, 4.80)
4.89
(3.25, 6.53)
4.89
(3.25, 6.53)
N 35 59 94 78 78 156